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Review of Disease 8


decortication procedure in which foreign matter is removed from the plurae
silicosis pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of silica/quartz dust
hemothorax collection of blood in cheast cavity between the pleural linings
wheeze musical sound caused by narrowed air passage
empyema collection of fluid/infectious matter in the pleural space
epistaxis nosebleed
pulmonary embolism life threatening condition when a blood clot or other subsance (fat embolism) becomes lodged in an artery within the lungs
hemoptysis spitting or coughing up blood
pneumonectomy removal of a lung
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of portions of the bronchi
hypoxemia low blood oxygen
pulmonary emphysema lung disease with destruction of the alveolar walls with associated increase in size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole
asbestosis pneumoconiosis caused my inhalation of asbestos may lead to mesothelioma
pleural effusion collection of excess fluid between the visceral and parietal pleura of the lungs
hypercapnia excess carbon dioxide in the blood potentially leading to respiratory acidosis
atelectasis collapse of parts of the lung
pleurisy inflammation of the membrane/lining of the lungs
pleural friction rub sound (low pitch, creaking, grating) made my pleura rubbing together
pulmonary edema fluid accumulation in the tissues and alveoli of the lungs
orthopnea difficulty breathing when lying supine`
rales crackles or sound when auscultating the lungs indicating fluid in the alveoli (sounds like rubbing your hair together next to your ear)
pneumothorax collection of air in the chest cavity between pleural membranes (collapsed lung)
ronchi low pitched, rattling, coarse sound - sometimes stated as musical evident through auscultation of the lungs indicating thick mucus
Created by: cskinner