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Jacob's Stack

Bloodborne Pathogens

Handwashing Major aspect of "standard/universal precautions." Most effective way to prevent the spread of pathogens (disease causing organisms).
Standard Precautions (Universal Precautions) Developed by CDC. Used at all times to prevent contact with blood or other potentially infectious body fluid. All Patients - Are considered potentially infectious. Every body fluid - Is treated as being potentially infectious.
Infectious Body Fluids May include: Blood or fluid that may contain blood. Body fluids, secretion, excretions - ex: saliva, vomit, feces, urine, mucus.
Bloodborne Pathogen Standards Pathogen - ds causing organism. HIV, HBV, and HCV.
BBP Standards Established by OSHA in 1991. Must be follow by HCF. Employer faces penalties if regualtions are not implemented and followed (money).
BBP Requireed Regulations Developed a written ECP (exposure control plan) - update annually. Identify all employers at risk for BBP exposure. Provide HBV vaccine. Provide adequate handwashing facilites/supplies. Ensure worksite is maintained - clean and sanitary.
BBP Regulations Continued Provide PPE: Gloves (single use), Mask (change every 30 min. or when moist), protective eye wear, face shield, lab coat, gown, and a CPR Mask.
BBP Regualtions Continued Dispose of infectious waste correctly. Biohazard - labeled with red/orange. Containers. Laundry bags - "hadle with care" - for contaminated linens. Sharps containers - do not reuse, do not open. Sent to medical waste facility for proper disposal
Needle Stick Law Provide confidential follow up for exposure incident. Needle stick - alternative to recapping needles. Never recap needles. Splashing. Report all exposures immediately.
More Handwashing Protect health care workers from disease and illness. Hands are perfect media for spread of pathogens.
If Exposed Use 10% bleach solution.