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Review of Diseases 2


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) any of items to protect from transmission of disease: gloves, mask, goggles, gowns
Surgical Asepsis destruction of pathogenic organisms so they do not enter the body esp. during surgical procedure
Mechanical defense skin, hair are examples of bodies protective mechanisms
Antibody substance produced by WBC in response to antigen; destroys the invader
Chemical defense sebaceous glands, stomach acids
Antigen marker that identifies a cell as being part of the body or NOT
Inflammatory response body's reaction to injury, infection, allergy (immune system activated)
Interferon chemical produced by WBC responding to pathogen that will stop or slow virus production
Localized inflammation (signs) redness, swelling, heat, pain
Histamine chemical that causes dilation of blood vessels (part of inflammatory response)
Passive artificial immunity Immunity from outside source introduced into patient eg. gamma globulin
Standard Precautions guidelines for handling of OPIM (blood, body fluids, infectious organisms)
Passive natural immunity immunity acquired from mother to fetus
Prostaglandins hormone to stimulate receptors and produce inflammatory response (vasodilation, vascular permeability, platelet response)
Active artificial immunity immunity from vaccines
Phagocytosis process in which WBC destroy (eat) pathogens, foreign antigens, cellular debris
Active natural immunity when body produces immunity when exposed to pathogenic organism (exposed to virus such as cold, flu, etc)
Medical asepsis destruction of pathogenic organisms outside of the body
immunity protection from disease
lysozyme enzyme in tears, saliva and other body secretions to protect against pathogens
Created by: cskinner