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PHM 315 Ch 7a

Chapter 7 Med Terms for Pharm Care

angi/o vessel
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty (lipid) paste
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
coron/o circle or crown
my/o muscle
pector/o chest
steth/o chest
sphygm/o pulse
thrombo clot
ven/o vein
phleb/o vein
varic/o swollen, twisted vein
ventricul/o ventricle (belly or pouch)
septum divides the heart into right and left (interatrial and interventricular)
valves of the heart tricuspid valve, mitral(bicuspid) valve, pulmonary semilunar valve, and aortic valve
three layers of the heart endocardium, myocardium, epicardium
pericardium protective sac around the heart
flow of blood: deoxygenated to lung deoxygenated blood->superior/inferior vena cava -> right atrium -tricuspid valve-> right ventricle-pulmonary semilunar valve->pulmonary artery ->lung
flow of blood: oxygenated from lung to circulation lung ->pulmonary veins->left atrium-bicuspid(mitral)valve->left ventricle-aortic valve->aorta->systemic circulation
coronary arteries supplies blood to the heart, first organ to receive oxygenated
atrium upper right and left chambers of the heart
endocardium membrane lining the cavities of the heart
epicardium membrane forming the outer layer of the heart
interatrial septum partition between right and left atrium
interventricular septum partition between right and left ventricle
myocardium heart muscle
pericardium protective sac enclosing the heart composed of two layers with fluid between
parietal pericardium outer layer of the pericardium
pericardial cavity fluid-filled cavity between the pericardial layers
visceral pericardium layer of pericardium closest to the heart
ventricle lower right and left chambers of the heart
heart valves structures within the heart that open and close with the heartbeat to regulate the one-way flow of blood
aortic valve heart valve between left ventricle and the aorta
mitral/bicuspid valve heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
pulmonary semilunar valve heart valve opening from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery
tricuspid valve valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle
valves of the veins valves located at intervals within the lining of veins, especially in the legs, which constrict with muscle action to move blood returning to the heart
arteries vessels that carry blood from the heart to the arterioles
aorta large artery that is the main trunk of the arterial system branching from the left ventricle
arterioles small vessels that receive blood from the arteries
capillaries tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules
venules small vessels that gather blood from the capillaries into the veins
veins vessels that carry blood to the heart from the venules
systemic circulation circulation of blood throughout the body through the blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients to body tissues
coronary circulation circulation of blood through the coronary blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle tissue
pulmonary circulation circulation of blood from the pulmonary artery through the vessels in the lungs and back to the heart via the pulmonary vein, providing for the exchange of gases
Created by: HugsAndKisses