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Glossary of terms

to go with maps

Allied Powers the 23 countries allied against the Central Powers in WWI and the 49 countries allied against the Axis in the 2nd World War
Atlas a book containing a collection of maps
Axis alliance of Bulgaria, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan and Romania during the 2nd World War
Central Powers alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey during the 1st World War
Colony a land or place settled by people from another country
Confederate States of America the government formed (1861-1865) by the southern states of the United States after they had seceded from the Union
Continent one of the seven great land masses of the world – Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica
Empire a kingdom which has been extended by military might to include countries which were originally independent
Globe a spherical model of the earth or heavens
Island a piece of land, smaller than a continent, entirely surrounded by water
Kilometer a unit of distance measurement equaling 1,000 meters
Latitude the distance of a place on the earth’s surface from the equator as measured in degrees, the equator being 0° latitude and the poles (N or S) being 90°
Longitude the distance between the meridian passing through a given point on the earth’s surface and the poles, measured in degrees. The standard meridian is at Greenwich, England
Mile a unit of distance measurement equaling 1,760 yards
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization (April 4, 1949) – an alliance set up by the U.S. in the event of another war or attack on these lands
Ocean the large bodies of salt water which comprise the majority (over 2⁄3) of the earth’s surface
Revolution the overthrow of an established government
Scale a line on a map with marks dividing it to show proportional distance
Terrorism using acts inspiring terror as a method of ruling or of conducting political oppression
Union, the the 23 northern states which opposed the Confederate states in the Civil War (1861-1865)
Warsaw Pact a treaty signed by the U.S.S.R and seven other countries in response to the formation of NATO
Created by: Dawnalowe