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HHS Cardiovascular S

Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms

Angina Chest Pain
Dyspnea difficulty breathing
Syncope loss of consciousness
Arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arterial walls that causes them to become thickened and brittle
Infarct Tissue death
Aneurysm weakened vessel wall
Diaphoresis profuse sweating
Endocarditis Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its valves
Varicose Veins Enlarged, twisted, superficial veins, resulting from incompetent valves that fail to prevent backflow of blood
Hemorrhoids Vericose Veins occurring in the rectum
Cardiac Arrest The heart has stopped, there is no observable myocardial activity
Arrhythmia Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm also called dysrhythmia
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, primary the legs
Heart Failure (HF) Failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs
Hypertension (HTN) Common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140mmHg Systolic or 90 mmHg Diastolic
Ischemia Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) The leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole causing a murmur on auscultation
Palpitation Sensation that the heart is not beating normally, “thumping,” “fluttering,” “skipped beats,” pounding in the chest
Perfusion Circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
Patent Ductus Arteriosus Failure of the DA to close allowing blood to flow from the pulmonary artery to the aorta
Tetralogy of Fallot Congenital anomaly consisting of four elements