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buccinator muscle located in the fleshy part of the cheek
temporal lower jaw
masseter moves lower jaw upward,used when biting and chewing
trapezius triangular-shaped muscle that extends across the back of the shoulder, covers the back of the neck, and pulls shoulder bladdes together
latissimus dorsi** lower back and extends to our armpits
pectoralis major** fan-shaped muscle that crosses the upper part of the front of the chest
deltoid muscle covers the shoulder joint, is used for intramuscular injestion
gluteus maximus** most of the fleshy part of the bottuck. its a large muscle that offers support while standing
gluteus medius** smaller muscle located above the upper outer quadrant of the gluteus maximus, is ine of the muscles used for intramuscular injection
hamstring muscle located in the posterior of the thigh, responsible for flexing the leg on the thigh
gastrochemius main muscle of the calf
tibialis anterior muscle is positioned on the front of the leg
atrophy** wasting away
contracture** abnormal(usually permanent_ bending of a joint into a fixed position, usually caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers
fascia** thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle, holding the fibers together
insertion** point of attachment, mobile
involuntary muscle** muscle that act without conscious control
origin point of attachment of a muscle to a bone that is less movable
pelvic girdle weakness** weakness of the muscles of the pelvic girdle, muscular dystrophy
skeletal muscles** muscle that attach to the bones of the skeleton, also known striated muscle, skeletal muscles act voluntarily
smooth muscles muscles found in the walls of the hollow organs and tubes
striated muscle** muscles that have a striped appreance, skeletal and cardiac muscles are examples
tendon attaches to bone
torso** a.k.a trunk,midsection
visceral muscle muscles of the internal organs
voluntary muscle muscles that operate under conscious control
muscular dystrophy genetically transmitted disorders characterized by progressive symmetrical wasting of skeletal muscle, there is no evidence of nerve involvement or degeneration of nerve tissue
rotator cuff tear a tear in the muscle that form a "cuff over the upper end of the arm
strains injury to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon, resulting from overstretching,overextension, or misuse
muscle biopsy extraction of a specimen of muscle tissue, for the purpose of examining it under microscope
electromyography the process of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulated by an electric current
fibrous joint fit closely together and are held together by fibrous connective tissue, immovable joint
cartilaginous joint connected by cartilage, allows limited movement
synovial joint lined with a synovial membrane, which secretea thick lubricating fluid called the synovial fluid
hinge joint movement in one direction
ball-and-socket joint** allows movement in many directions around a central point,ball-shaped head fits int another bone examples are the shoulder and the hip
flexion a bending motion
extention straightening motion
abduction movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
adduction movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
rotation movement that involves the turning of a bone on its own axis
supination act of turning the palm up or forward
pronation act of turning the palm downward or backward
dorsiflexion foot narrows the angle between the leg and top of the foot
plantar flexion the foot increases the angle between the leg and the top of the foot
circumduction the movement of an extremity around in a circular motion
articular cartilage thin layer of cartilage of protecting and covering the connective surfaces of the bones
bunion abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
bunionectomy** surgical removal of a bunion
bursa small sac that contains synovial fluid around the joint where friction is most likely to oocur
closed reduction also known as closed manipulation
creptation clicking and cracking sounds heard upon joint movement
ganglionectomy surgical removal of a ganglion
joint cavity space between two connecting bones
kyphosis humpback
ligaments connective tissue bands that join bone to bone
malaise vague feeling of weakness
photosensitivity** increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight
sciatica** inflammtion of the sciatic nerve, marked by pain and tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and leg
subluxation** incomplete disclocation
suture** immovable joint
synovial fluid** thick lubricating fluid in synovial joints
synovial membrane the lining of a synovial joint cavity
viscous** sticky;gelatinous
arthritis inflammation of joints
dislocation displacement of the bone from its normal location within a joint
ganglion cystic tumor developing a tendon
gout acute arthritis characterized by inflammation of the first metatarsal joint of the great toe
herniated disk the rupture of the central portion, also known as a ruptured disk or slipped disk
Lyme disease acute recurrent inflammation infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
osteoarthritis denerative joint disease results from wear and tear on the joints
rheumatiod arthritis chronic inflammation disease that affects multiple joints of the body
sprains injury involving the ligaments that surround and support a joint
systemic lupus eythematosus chronic inflammatory connective-tissue disease affecting the skin, joints, nervous system, kidneys, lungs, and other organs
arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis
arthroplasty process of x-ray inside of a joint
arthoscopy surgical reconstruction of a joint
rhematiod factor blood test that measure the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a number of connective tissue diseases
arthralgia** pain in joints
Created by: sgracia93