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Medical Terms Ch 14

Acromegaly A disorder caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone and resulting in abnormal enlargemant of the extremities, including the nose, jaw, fingers, and toes
Adenectomy A general term for surgical excision of a gland
Adenoma Tumor of a gland
Adrenal gland Gland that lies above the kidney
Adrenaline Epinephrine
Androgen The term for a substance that produces or stimulates the development of male characteristics
Cortisone A hormone that is made by the adrenal glands and is important in the regulation of body metabolism
Cretinism A condition caused by congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion and marked by arrested mental and physical development
Diabetes insipidus A disordr associated with a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone or inability of the kidneys to respond to this hormone
Diabetes mellitus A disorder that results form inadequate production or use of insulin
Dwarfism A disease caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood
Endocrine glands Generally secrete their hormones into the bloodstream
Estrogen An important female sex hormone that is made by the ovaries and acts on the female genitalia
Euthyroid Normal thyroid function
Exocrine glands Glands that open onto a body surface and discharge their secretions through ducts
Exophthalmos An abnormal condition characterized by marked protrusion of the eyeball
Gigantism A conditon that is caused by increased secretion of growth hormone during childhood in which a person reaches an abnormal stature
Glycosuria A term for sugar in the urine
Goiter A swelling in the front part of the neck that reults from enlargement of the thyroid gland
Hormones A general term for chemical substances that are discharged into the bloodstream and used in some other part of the body
Hyperglycemia Increased blood sugar
Hyperinsulinism Excessive secretion of insulin
Hyperparathyroidism Increased activity of the parathyroid gland
Hyposecretion A general term that means incresed release of a chemical substance
Hypothyroidism Decreased thyroid ativity
Islets of Langerhans Clusters of cells within the pancreas that perform an endocrine function
Kidney Not an endocrine gland
Myx/o Mucus
Pancreas Secretes insulin
Parathyroid glands The name of the four glands that lie beside the thyroid gland and are responsible for regulating calcium and phosphorus levels in the body
-physis Means growth
Pineal gland Attached to the posterior part of the brain
Pituitary gland Master gland. Also called Hypophysis
Polydipsia Increased thirst
Sudoriferous gland Also known as the sweat gland
Target organ A term for the organ or structure toward which the effects of a hormone are directed
Thyroid An endocreine gland that can be examined visually in a physical examination
Thyroid scan A test that consists of administration of a radioactive substance, then making an image of the spatial distribution of the radiation
Thyroidectomy Surgical removal of the thyroid gland
Thyrotoxicosis A term for a a morbid condition caused by excessive thyroid secretion
-tropic Stimulate
-tropin That which stimulates
-uria Urination
Created by: sam5911