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Chapter 8 Gastrointestinal system

an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
bar/o weight
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
chol/e bile,gall
cholangi/o bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon
colon/o colon
dent/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
lith/o stone
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat, pharynx
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sialaden/o salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
-emesis vomit
-lithiasis condition of stone
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eat, swallow
-prandial pertaining to meal
-tripsy surgical crushing
cheil/o lips
pyr/o fire, heat
staphyl/o uvula
stomat/o mouth
uvul/o uvula
-clysis irrigation
anal pertaining to the anus
appendectomy removal of the appendix
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
buccal pertaining to the cheeks
cheilitis inflammation of the lips
cholecystectomy removal of the gallbladder
pertaining to the gallbladder
cholecystalgia gall bladder pain
cholelithiasis infestation of gall stones
colectomy removal of the colon
colonstomy surgical opening of some part of the colon
colorectal pertaining to the colon and rectum
colonic pertaining to the colon
dental pertaining to the teeth
dentalgia tooth pain/ tooth ache
duodenal pertaining to the duodenum
enteric pertaining to the small intestine
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
esophageal pertaining to the esophagus
esophagectasis dilated esophagus
gastralgia stomach pain
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
gastroenterologist one who studies the stomach and small intestine
gastromalacia softening of the stomach
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and stomach
gastrostomy surgical opening of the stomach
gastroscope instrument to view inside the stomach
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
gastrectomy removal of stomach
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
gingivectomy excision of the gums
glossal pertaining to the tongue
hypoglossal pertaining to under the tongue
ileal pertaing to the ileum
ileostomy surgical opening in the ileum to the outside of the abdomen
ileectomy surgical removal of the ileum
ileotomy surgical incision into the ileum
jejunal pertaining to the jejunum
laparotomy incision into the abdomen
laparoscope instrument to view inside the abdomen
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
orthodontic pertaining to straight teeth
periodontic pertaining around the teeth
oral pertaining to the mouth
palatoplasty surgical repair of the palate
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
pharyngeal pertaining to the pharynx, throat
pharyngoplegia paralysis of the throat
pharyngoplasty surgical repair of the throat
proctoptosis drooping rectum and anus
proctology study of rectum and anus
proctopexy surgical fixation of rectum and anus
pyloric pertaining to pylorus (the region of the stomach where it connects to the duodenum)
rectal pertaining to the rectum
sialadenitis/sialoadenitis inflammation of the salivary gland
sigmoidoscope instrument for viewing inside the sigmoid colon
sigmoidal pertaining to the sigmoid colon
staphyloplasty surgical repair of the uvula
stomatalgia pain in the mouth
stomatoplasty surgical repair of the mouth
stomatotomy incision in the mouth
uvulectomy surgical removal of the uvula
enteroclysis irrigation of the small intestine
hematemesis vomiting up blood
hyperemesis excessive vomiting
anorexia absence of eating
dysorexia abnormal appetite
bradypepsia slow digestion
aphagia unable to swallow or eat
dysphagia difficulty swallowing or eating
polyphagia many (excessive) eating
postprandial after a meal
diarrhea passing of frequent, watery bowel movements
polyp small tumor with pedicle or stem attachment
pyrosis pain/burning sensation (heartburn)
anal fistula abnormal tube like passage from surface around anal opening directly into rectum
diverticulitis inflammation of the diverticulum (an outpouching off the gut)
diverticulosis condition of having diverticula (outpouches of the gut)
dysentery disease characterized by diarrhea, often with mucus and blood, severe abdominal pain, fever, and dehydration
hemorrhoids varicose veins in the rectum
polyposis several small tumors that contain pedicle or stem-like-attachment in mucous membranes of colon
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis gallstones
colonoscopy flexible fibersocpe called colonscope; used to view upper portion of colon
laparoscopy laperoscope is passed through the abdominal wall through small incision
sigmoidoscopy procedure using flexible sigmoidscope to visually examine sigmoid colon
paracentesis insertion of needle into abdominal cavity to withdraw fluid
gavage using nasogastric tube to place liquid nourishment directly into stomach
lavage using nasogastric tube to wash out stomach
anastomosis to surgically create connection between two organs or vessels
choledocholithotripsy surgical crushing of gallstone in common bile duct
fistulectomy removal of fistula
hemorrhoidectomy surgical removal of hemorrhoids from anorectal area
Ac before meal
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
NG nasogastric (tube)
NPO nothing by mouth
pc after meal
PO by mouth
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
Created by: Sadyelady