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LOFM Chapter 5

The Language of Medicine Ninth Edition

an/o anus--terminal end or opeing of the digestive tract to the outside of the body
append/o appendic/o appendix--blind pauch hanging from the cecum RLQ
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum--first part of the large intestine
celi/o belly, abdomen
cheil/o lip
cholecyst/o gallbladder--small sac under the live; stores bile.
choledoch/o common bile duct--carries bile form the liver and gallbladder to the duodenum.(coledochus)
col/o colon, large interstine
colon/o colon
dent/i tooth
duoden/o duodenum--first part of the small intestine
enter/o intestines, usually small intestines
esophag/o esophagus--tube connecting the throat to the stomach.
faci/o face
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum--third part of the small intestine
jejun/o jejunum--second part of the small intestine
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tongue
mandibul/o lower jaw, mandible
odont/o tooth
or/o mouth
palat/o palate--roof of the mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum--double-layared membrane surrrounding the abdominal organs
pharyng/o throat
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pyloric sphincter--right muscle at the end of the stomach, near the duodenum.
rect/o rectum--last section of the large intestine, connecting the end of the colon and the anus
sialaden/o salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon--fourth and last, S-shaped segment of the colon, just before the rectum
stomat/o mouth
uvul/o uvula-- soft tissuel hanging form the middle of the soft palate
amyl/o starch
bil/i bile--digestive juice made in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It breaks up large fat globules
bilirubin/o bilirubin (bile pigment)
chol/e gall, bile
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen, animal starch--starch; glucose is stored in the form of glycogen in liver cells
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone
prote/o protein
sial/o saliva, salivary
steat/o fat
-ase enzyme--a chemical that speeds up a reaction between substances.
-chezia defecation, elimination of wastes
-iasis abnormal condition
-prandial meal
Created by: ADRIANAF