Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Lang of Medi Ch

The Lang of Medicine Ch 7

cali/o, calic/o calyx (calix
cyst/o urinary bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus
nephr/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
trigon/o trigone (region of the bladder
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
vesic/o urinary bladder
albumin/o albumin (a protein in the blood)
azot/o nitrogen
bacteri/o bacteria
dips/o thirst
kal/o potassium
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
lith/o stone
natr/o sodium
noct/o night
olig/o scanty
-poietin substance that forms
py/o pus
-tripsy crushing
ur/o urine(urea)
urin/o urine
-uria urination; urine condition
ADH antidiruetic hormone - vasopressin
ARF acute renal failure
BILI bilirubin
BUN blood urea nitrogen
CAPD continuous ambulatory peretoneal dialysis
Cath catheter, catherterization
CCPD continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
CKD chronic kidney disease
CI- chloride - an electrolyte excreted by the kidney
CRCL creatinine clearance; also seen as CrCI and CLcr
CRF chronic renal failure - progressive loss of kidney function
C culture and sensitivity testing
cysto cystoscopic examination
ESRD end-stage renal disease
ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
GFR glomerular filtration rate
HCO3- bicarbonate - an electrolyte conserved by the kidney
HD hemodialysis
IC interstitial cystitis
K+ potassium - an electrolyte
KUB kidney, ureter, and bladder
Na+ sodium - an electrolyte
PD peritoneal dialysis
pH potential hydrogen; scale to indicate degree of acidity or alkalinity
PKD polycystic kidney disease
PKU phenylketonuria
PUL percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy
RP retrograde pyelogram
sp gr specific gravity
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
arteriole small artery
calyx or calix (pluran calyces or calices cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
cortex ourter region of an organ; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney.
creatinine nitrogenous waste excreted in urine. Creatinine clearance is a measure of the efficiency of the kidneys in removing (clearing) creatinine from the blood.
electrolyte chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water. They are necessary for functioning of muscles and nerves. The kidneys maintain the proper balance of them and water in the blood.
erythropoietin (EPO) hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells by bone marrow. -poietin means a substance that forms.
filtration process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter. In the kidney, blood pressure forces materials thru the filter (glomerulus).
glomerular capsule enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus. It is also know as Bowman capsule and it collects the material that is filtered from the blood thru the walls of the glomerulus.
glomerulus (plural: glomeruli) timy ball of capillaries (microscopic blood vessels) in the kidney.
hilum depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave.
meatus opening or canal
medulla inner region of an organ.
nephron combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take place in the kidney.
nitrogenous waste substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine.
potassium (K+) an electrolyte regulated by the kidney so that a proper concentration is maintained within the blood. It is essential for allowing muscle contraction and conduction of nervous impulses.
reabsorption process whereby renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream.
renal artery blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney
renal pelvis central collecting region in the kidney
renal tubule microscopic tubes in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration.
renal vein blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney adn toward the heart.
renin hormone secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction (narrowing of the blood vessles).
sodium (Na+) an electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys; needed for proper transmission of nerve impulses, heart activigty, and other metabolic functions.
trigone triangular area in the urinary bladder.
urea major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.
ureter one of the two tubes leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
uric acid nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine.
urination process of voiding; also called micturition.
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney.
interstitial nephritis inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the renal tubules.
nephrolithiasis kidney stones (renal calculi).
nephrotic syndrome (nephrosis group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in urine.
polycystic kidney disease (PKD) multiple fluid-filled sacs (cysts) within and on the kidney.
pyelonephritis inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma.
renal cell carcinoma (hypernephroma) cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood.
renal failure kidney decreases excretion of wastes as a result of impaired filtration function.
renal hypertension high blood pressure resulting from kidney disease.
Wilm's tumor malignant tumor of the kidney ocurring in childhood.
diabetes insipidus antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect.
diabetes mellitus insulin is not secreted adequately or not used properly in the body.
Created by: lauraj5