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pharm 114


Absorption the process by which the drug passes into the
Adverse Effect more sever side effect that may justify the discontinuation of a drug
Agonist drug that interacts with a receptor to produce a response
Antagonist drug that inhibits cell function by occupying the drug’s receptor site
Anaphylactic Reaction a severe allergic reaction that usually occurs immediately after administration of a drug
Ampule a glass container usually designed to hold a single dose of a drug
Drug Habituation a mild form of psycho logic dependence on a drug
Drug Half-Life the time required for the elimination process to reduce the concentration of a drug to one-half what it was at initial administration; aka elimination half-life
Bevel the slanted part at the tip of a needle
Biotransformation process by which a drug is converted to a less active form; aka detoxification
Brand Name name of the drug given by the drug manufacturer; aka the trade name
Buccal a med that is held in the mouth against the mucous membranes of the cheek until the drug is dissolved
Cannula part of the needle that is attached to the hub; aka shaft
Chemical Name name by which a chemist knows the drug; describes the constituents of the drug precisely
Cumulative Effect an increasing response to repeated doses of a drug that occurs when the rate of administration exceeds the rate of metabolism or excretion
Desired Effect the primary effect intended of a drug; reason the drug is prescribed; aka therapeutic effect
Distribution the transportation of a drug from its site of absorption to the site of action
Drug a chemical compound taken for disease prevention, diagnosis, cure, or relief or to affect the structure of function of the body
Drug Abuse excessive intake of a substance either continually or periodically
Drug Allergy an immunologic reaction to a drug
Drug Dependence inability to keep the intake of a drug or substance under control
Drug Interaction the beneficial or harmful interaction of one drug with another drug
Drug Tolerance a condition in which successive increase in the dosage of a drug is required to maintain a given therapeutic effect
Drug Toxicity the quality of a drug that exerts a deleterious effect on an organism or tissue
Hub the part of the needle that fits on to the syringe
Epidural the injection of an anesthetic agent into the epidural space
Ethnopharmacology study of the effect of ethnicity on responses to prescribed meds
Excretion elimination of a waste product produced by the body cells from the body
Generic Name given b/f a drug officially becomes an approve med; generally used throughout the drug’s lifetime
Gastronomy Tube a tube that is surgically placed directly into the client’s stomach & provides another route for administering nutrition & meds
Gauge the diameter of the shaft of a needle; the larger the gauge # the smaller the shaft diameter
Hypodermic under the skin
Hypodermic Syringe a type of syringe that comes in 2-, 2.5- & 3 mL sizes; the syringe usually has two scales marked on it the minim & the mL
Latrogenic Disease diseased caused unintentionally by medical therapy
Idiosyncratic Effect a different, unexpected or individual effect from the norm one usually expected from a med; the occurrence of unpredictable & unexplainable symptoms
Illicit Drugs drugs that are sold illegally; street drugs
Insulin Syringe syringe that has a scale specially designed for insulin & is the only syringe that should be used to administer insulin
Intradermal (ID) under the epidermis (into the derma)
Intradermal (ID) Injection the administration of a drug into the dermal layer of the skin just beneath the epidermis
Intramuscular (IM) into the muscle tissue
Intramuscular (IM) Injection the administration of a drug into the muscle tissue
Intraspinal (intrathecal) into the spinal cord
Intravenous (IV) within the vein
Irrigation a flushing or washing out with a specific solution; administration of a solution to was out the conjunctival sac to remove secretions or foreign bodies or to remove chemicals that may injure the eye
Lavage an irrigation or washing of a body organ, such as the stomach
Medication a substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, tx, or relief of a symptom or for prevention of a disease
Medication Reconciliation process of creating the most accurate list possible of all meds a client is taking - including drug name, dosage, frequency, route - & comparing the list against the physician’s admission, transfer, &/or D/C orders, with the goal of providing
Meniscus the crescent-shaped upper surface of a column of liquid
Metabolism the sum of all physical & chemical processes by which a living substance is formed & maintained & by which energy is made available for use by the organism
Metabolites end products for enzymes
Metered-dose Inhaler (MDI) a handheld nebulizer that is a pressurized container of medication that can be used by the client to release the medication through a mouthpiece
Nasogastric (NG) Tube a tube inserted through by way of the nasopharanx or the orpharanx; it is place into the stomach for the temporary purpose of feeding the client or to remove gastric secretions
NPO nothing by mouth
Official Name the name under which a drug is listed in one of the official publications
Onset of Action the time after a drug administered, when the body initially responds to the drug
Opthalmic pertaining to meds for the eye
Otic refers to instillations or irrigation of the external auditory canal
Parenteral drug administration using a med route other than the alimentary or digestive tract; IV, ID, SC, IM
Peak Plasma Level the concentration of a drug in the blood plasma that occurs when the elimination rate = the rate of administration
Percutaneous route of absorption of a topical med through the skin
Pharmacist a person licensed to prepare & dispense drugs & prescriptions
Pharmacodynamics the process by which a drug alters cell physiology
Pharmacokinetics the study of the absorption, distribution, biotransformation, & excretion of drugs
Pharmogenetics process by which the effect of a drug is influenced by genetic variations such as gender, size, & body composition
Pharmacology the scientific study of the actions of drugs on living animals & humans
Pharmacopoeia a book containing a list of drug products used in medicine, including their descriptions & formulas
Pharmacy the art of preparing, compounding, & dispensing drugs; also refers to the place where drugs are prepared & dispensed
Physiologic Dependence biochemical changes occurring in the body as a result of excessive drug use
Piggy Back a secondary IV setup that connects a 2nd container to the tubing of a primary container at the upper port; used solely for intermittent drug administration
Plateau a maintained concentration of a drug in the plasma during a series of scheduled doses
Potentiating Effect the increased effect of one or both drugs
Prefilled Unit-dose Systems disposable units that provide inject able meds that are available as prefilled syringes ready for use, or as prefilled sterile cartridges & needles that require the attachment of a reusable holder b/f use
Prescription the written direction for the prep & administration of a drug
PRN Order “as needed” order; permit’s the nurse to give a med when, in the nurses judgment, the client requires it
Psychological Dependence a state of emotional reliance on a drug to maintain one’s well-being; a feeling of need or craving for a drug
Receptor a location on the surface of a cell membrane or within a cell (usually a protein) to which a drug chemical binds
Reconstitution the technique of adding a dilutent to a powdered drug to prepare it for administration
Shaft the part of the needle that is attached to the hub; aka the cannula
Side Effect the secondary effect of a drug that is intended; usually predictable & may be either harmless or potentially harmful
Single Order indicates an order that is to be carried out one time only at a specified time
Stat Order indicates an order that is to be carried out immediately & only once
Subcutaneous beneath the layers of the skin; hypodermic
Sublingual a method of drug administration in which the drug is placed under the tongue
Synergistic when two different drugs increase the action of one or another drug
Tandem a secondary IV setup in which a 2nd IV container is attached to the line of the 1st container at the lower, secondary port to permit meds to be administered intermittently or simultaneously with a primary solution
Therapeutic Effect the primary effect intended of a drug; reason the drug is prescribed
Topical applied externally
Trade Name name of a drug given by the drug manufacture (brand name)
Transdermal Patch a dermatologic med delivery system that administers sustained-action meds via multilayered films containing the drug & an adhesive layer
Tuberculin Syringe a narrow syringe, calibrated in tenths & hundredths of a mm on one scale & in sixteenths of a minim on the other scale that can be useful for administering other drugs, particularly when small or precise measurement is indicated
Vial a small glass med container with a sealed rubber cap; used for single or multidoses
Volume-control Infusion Set small fluid filled containers (100-150 mL) attached below the primary infusion container so that the med is administered through the clients IV line
Created by: jmeo04