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Ch.7 Respiratory Sys

Ch.7 Respiratory System, Medical Terminology

Alveol/o alveolus, air sac
Anthrac/o coal
Atel/o incomplete
Bronch/o bronchus
Bronchi/o bronchus
coni/o dust
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
ox/o, ox/i oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o lung, air
pneumon/o lung, air
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus, cavity
spir/o breathing
trache/o trachae, windpipe
-capnia carbon dioxide
-ectasis dilated, expansion
-osmia smell
-phonia voice
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-thorax chest
bronchogram record of the bronchus
bronchitis inflammation of a bronchus
bronchoplasty surgical repair of a bronchus
bronchogenic produced by the bronchus
bronchoscope instrument to view inside the bronchus
bronchospasm involuntary muscle spasm of bronchus
bronchial pertaining to the bronchus
bronchiectasis dilated bronchus
diaphragmatic pertaining to the diaphragm
laryngectomy removal of voice box
laryngitis inflammation of the voicebox
laryngoplasty surgical repair of the voice box
laryngoscope instrument to view the voice box
laryngeal pertaining to the voice box
laryngoplegia paralysis of the voice box
lobectomy removal of a (lung) lobe
oximeter instrument to measure oxygen
anoxia condition of no oxygen
hypoxemia insufficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia insufficient oxygen condition
pleurocentesis puncture of the pleura to withdraw fluid
pleurectomy removal of the pleura
pleurodynia pleural pain
pharyngitis sore throat/ throat inflammation
pharyngeal pertaining to the throat
nasopharyngitis nose and throat inflammation (common cold)
pulmonologist lung specialist
pulmonary pertaining to the lung
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
rhinomycosis abnormal condition of nose fungus
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhagia rapid flow (of blood) from the nose
rhinorrhea nose discharge (runny nose)
pansinusitis inflammation of all sinuses
thoracalgia chest pain
thoracic pertaining to the chest
thoracotomy incision into the chest
endotracheal pertaining to inside the trachea
tracheotomy incision into the trachea
tracheostenosis narrowing of the trachea
aphonia no voice
dysphonia abnormal voice
acapnia lack of carbon dioxide
hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide
anosmia lack of (sense of) smell
apnea not breathing
bradypnea slow breathing
dyspnea difficult, labored breathing
eupnea normal breathing
hyperpnea excessive (deep) breathing
hypopnea insufficient (shallow) breathing
orthopnea (sitting) straight breathing
tachypnea rapid breathing
hemothorax blood in the chest
pyothorax pus in the chest
pneumothorax air in the chest
asphyxia lack of oxygen that can lead to unconsciousness and death if not corrected immediately
aspiration refers to withdrawing fluid from a body cavity using suction
Cheyne-Stokes respiration Abnormal breathing pattern in which there are long periods (10-60 seconds) of apnea followed by deeper, more rapid breathing
clubbing abnormal widening and thickening of ends of the fingers and toes associated with chronic oxygen deficiency
cyanosis refers to bluish tint of skin that is receiving an insufficient amount of oxygen or circulation
epistaxis nosebleed
hemoptysis to cough up blood or blood-stained sputum
hyperventilation to breath both too fast (tachypnea) and too deep (hyperpnea)
hypoventilation to breath both slow (bradypnea) and to shallow (hypopnea)
internal medicine branch of medicine involving the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions of internal organs such as respiratory system (the physician is an internist)
nasal cannula two-pronged plastic device for delivering oxygen into the nose; one prong inserted into each naris
orthopnea a
Created by: Sadyelady