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Anasiz Culture-Mr.B-SS-T1

Anasazi(1) Culture that existed from about 1200 BC to 1300 AD in the 4 corners area of SW U.S. Best known for the ruins of their monumental cliff dwellings at places like Mesa Verde, which they abandoned at the end of the 13th century.
Anasazi(2) Navaho (more correctly dine or dineh) word which, depending on pronunciation, means either "enemy ancestors" or "ancient people who are not us"
Mesa Verde [spanish for "green platou"] 1. National park in southwestern Colorado, site of many Anasazi cliff dwellings 2. The Anasazi region around Mesa Verde. San Juan River region.
pueblo culture [spanish for "town"] Indian village in the american southwest.
Chaco Canyon Extensive ancient puebloan culture (circa 800 AD) in NW New Mexico; known for masive stone bulidings (great houses) of multiple stories containing hundreds of rooms, extensive roads and water control systems
Aztec Ruins Anasazi village in New Mexico with the largest reconstructed ceremonial kiva
Bandelier National monument containing a number of ancestral pueblos homes, multi-story dwellings, kivas (ceremonial structures), rock paintings and petroglyphs. some of the dwellings were rock stuctures built on the canyon floor (AZ)
Tuzigoot Ancient hilltop agricultural pueblo in AZ the consisted of 110 one, two and three-story stuctures. (1000-1400 AD)
Hopi Believed to be descended from the ancient Puebloan cultures who constructed large apartments-houses complexes in NE Arizona and NW New Mexico along the Mogollon Rim, from 1100-1300 AD, when they abandoned their large villages
Zuni Like the Hopi, descendents or the Anasazi
Navajo Aka "Dene" people were hunters, gatherers until the adopted Pueblo life. Known for raising sheep, blanket weaving, and pottery. the Navajo reservation in AZ is the largest in USA
Taos An ancient pueblo belonging to a Taos (northern Tiwa) speaking Native American tribe of Pueblo people. still inhabited, its is approximately 1000 years old and lies about 1 mile north of the mordern city of Taos New Mexico
Acoma Known as "sky city", is a Native american pueblo bulit on top of a 367- foot sandstone mesa in New Mexico. (1100 AD). it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited communities within the USA. known for distinctive orange, white, and black pottery
flint A hard sedimentary crystalline form of the mineral quarts; can be " flacked" with a harder stone to make arrowheads, spearpoints, ect.
drought An extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. Generally, this occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipition (rain or snow)
Conquistadors Spanish soldiers who conquered Mexico and the American Southwest and est. a network of settlements (16th-18th century AD) forced Indaians to convert to Christianity
Pueblo Revolt In 1680, after years of spanish religious persecution & brutaly, New Mexico and arizona pueblos coordinated an attack on the spanish and drove them back to Mexico. 12 yr.s later, Captain General Diego de Vargas led a bloodless reconquest
turquoise An opaque, blue-to-green mineral prized by the NAVAJO AND OTHER pueblo peoples for making silver jewelry
sandpainting The art of pouring colored sands, powdered pigments from minerals or crystals, and pigments from other natural sources onto a surface to make a fixed or unfixed sand paintings. often temporary ritual paintings prepared for religious or healing ceremonies
mano Grinding stone. a hand-held stone used to grind grain, nuts and seeds on the larger metate
metate A flat or slightly concaved stone base on which grain, nuts and seeds were ground using the smaller mano
Taos Pueblo The oldest continually inhabited pueblo in America, near the upper Rio Grande canyon (NM)
Mogollon [spanish for "hanger-on" or "sponger"] A separate culture which coexisted and had a commerce with the anasazi. these ancient farmers lived in what is now southern Arizona- New Mexico and northern Mexico. Named for the Mogollon Plateau
Hohokam A native american culture flourishing from about the 3rd century B>C to the mid-15th century AD in south-central Arizona, noted for the construction of an extensive system of irrigation canals
Colorado Plateau Roughly centered on the four corners region of the southwestern US. 90% of the area is drained by the colorado river. largly made up of deserts, with scattered areas of forest . the grand canyon is in the SW corner
foot holds/ hand holds Holes carved into to the sheer rock face of cliffs so Puevlo people could climb up or down fron cliff dwellings. also made defence of their villages easier
nomatic Contantly moving, never settling in one place, following food supplies and moving with the seasons
sedentary Stationary; settling in one place; opposite of nomatic
horticulture Cultivating plants and seeds for food
Pueblo diet Constists of corn, beans, nuts, squash, pinon, fish, deer, rabbit, antelope, and birds
Santa Clara the pueblo is on the rio grande, between ohkay owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo)to the north and San Lidefonso pueblo to the south. santa clara pueblo is a famous for a producig hand-crafing pottery, specifically blackware and redware with deep engraving
kiva (Great Kiva) 1. a square, above-ground room used by modern day Hopifor religious and spiritual ceremonies. 2. subterranean room- usually round, generally believe to have been used by Anaszi men for religous and ceremonial purposes
foot drums rectangular hardwood boards of differnt thicknesses or stretched animal hides laid across a rectangular kiva pit that make a deep resonating sound when danced upon
pictographs pictures or pictures-like symbols that represent an idea or tell a story. pictographs can be found in the works of many ancient cultures on papyrus or wood, on cloth, on pottery and jewelry, painted walls
pottery pueblo culture is know for the many styles of pottery from across the plateau region. each pueblo has its own distinctive style. ( see acoma and santa clara)
yucca plant member of the agave family with stiff green sword-like leaves and white flowers on a tall stalk. Pueblo peoples used the rots & flowers for food, tips for needles, fibers for weaving baskets, sandles & rop, sap (aloe vera) for medicine
kachinas 1. benevolent spirtual intermediaries between certain southwestern peoples and the gods. Kachinas bring good health, fertility, rain, abundance and other blessings. 2. (mondern days) dolls or images of supernatural beings
weaving pueblo peoples wove decoative baskets and sandles from the fibers of the yucca plant. they wove colorful, intricate blankets from sheep's wool. Dyed with natural plant and rock materials.
Monument Vally (meaning valley of the rocks)it is a region of the colorado plateau (AZ&UT) characterized by a cluster of vast sandstone buttes the largest reaching 1,000ft above the valley floor
cliff dwellars native americans of the anasazi culture who were builders of the ancient cliff dwellings found in the canyons, under cliff overhangs and on the mesas of the U.S outhwest
Montezuma's Castle well-preserved cliff-dwellings. they were built and used be the preclobbian sinagua people, northern cousins, of the hohokam, around 700 AD. several hopi clans trace their roots to immigrants from the Montezuma Castle/ Beaver creek area
hogan the primary traditional round home of the navjo people; made of wooden ploes covered with layer of mud. doors faces east to greet the sun
wickiup a temporary domed room dwelling, usually constructed of branches and reeds used by certain southwest native american tribes to provide shade and ventilation
maize early form of corn
Fremont Culture the fremont lived a lifestyle that revolved largely around hunting and gathering and corn horticulture. a pre- columbian archaeological culture which received its name from the fremont river in the US state of utah
marauders Nomadic tribes who raided and plundered agriculture pueblos
Apache one of the nomadic,hunter-gatherer, marauding tribes of the southwest plateau region. speak athabaskan
granary storage room for grain made of adobe mud bricks, stone and/or wood frames. usually in high cliff locations to protect from animals and raiding tribes
Kayenta regional group of the anaszi, named for the region around kayenta in northeastern Arizona. monument valley. the kayenta anasazi tribes
Keresan one of the languages of the anasazi and descendants, including the people of acoma, cochiti, laguna, santa ana, santo domingo, san felipe and zia pueblos in new Mexico
Kokopelli a well-known mythological hump-backed flute player in most southwestern Pueblo culture. among other things, this spiritual figure represent fertility and rain
Moqui or Moki (Moh-key) a hopi word meaning "the dead" which is often used to identify their ancestors. preferred by the hopi to the dine navajo word anasazi
petroglyph rock carving or rock "art" made by peaking the surface with another rock Ex: "newspaper Rock" in Holbrook, AZ
pinon (pee-NYHONE) small pine tree with large edible nuts. spanish for "nut"
pithouse a house built substantially underground. used by many early cultures, including the anaszi. consisted of a pit, often lined with rocks, and a roof or branches mud. ect., held up by vertical timbers, usually four
potsherd fragment or piece of broken pottery. Also, "shard"
Puebol Bonito [spanish for "pretty village"]the most spanish famous great houe at chaco canyon
Puebloan 1.modern native american indian peoples, including those living at hopi, zuni, acoma, laguna, jenez, and zia pueblos and the 14 rio grade pueblos. 2. anasazi ancestor of the modern puebloans
sipapu (SEE-pah-puh) 1. the navel of the earth from which distant puebloan ancestors are said to have emerged as they entered the present world 2.the small hole or indention in the floor of a kiva which symbolizes the people's earthly origin
spindle whorl in hand spinning, the spindle is a rounded wooden rod for twisting cotton fibers into thread. the whorl is sort of a flywheel that regulates the speed of the spining wheel
teosindle (TEE-oh-SIN-tee) tall grass-like native of mexico with tassel and small, hard ears. believed to be ancestor of corn
tree-ring dating scientific technique of comparing a cut timber to a master calender of tree-ring growth from about 6,700 BC to the present. based on the fact that a tree grows a ring each year and the rings are narrower in dry years and wider in wet years
stone mortar & pestle hollowed stone bowl and mashing toolused to grind maize, nuts, berries, pigments
Colorado River 1,450 miles long river that flows southwest from the continental divide to the gulf of california. it's powerful waters formed the grand canyon over 9 million years
Rio Grande River 1,896 miles long and flows southwestern colorado in the U.S to the gulf of mexico. forms the US southern border with mexico
Pueblo culture music foot drums, tamborines, reed flute, turtle shell rattles used to create connections to spirit world and reflect sounds of the natural landscape
Created by: fastpitchwitch14