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Ch 8 Vocabulary

anorexia A general term meaning loss of appetite that may accompany other conditions. Also refers to anorexia nervosa, a personality disorder involving refusal to eat.
ascites Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
bowel incontinence Inability to control defecation.
bridge Dental appliance attached to adjacent teeth for support to replace missing teeth.
cachexia Loss of weight and generalized wasting that occurs during chronic disease.
constipation Experiencing difficulty in defecation or infrequent defecation.
crown Artificial covering for the tooth created to replace the original crown.
dental caries Gradual decay and disintegration of teeth caused by bacteria; may lead to abscessed teeth. Commonly called a tooth cavity.
dentistry Branch of healthcare involved with prevention, diagnosis, & treatment of conditions involving the teeth, jaw, & mouth. Practiced by a dentist or oral surgeon.
denture Partial or complete set of artificial teeth that are set in plastic materials. Acts as a substitute for the natural teeth & related structures.
diarrhea Passing of frequent, watery bowel movements. Usually accompanies gastrointestinal (GI) disorders.
emesis Vomiting
gastroenterology Branch of medicine involved in diagnosis & treatment of diseases & disorders of the digestive system. Physician is a gastroenterologist.
hematochezia Passing bright red blood in the stools.
implant Prosthetic device placed in the jaw to which a tooth or denture may be anchored.
internal medicine branch of medicine involving the diagnosis & treatment of diseases & conditions of internal organs such as the digestive system. The physician is an internist.
jaundice Yellow cast of the skin, mucous membranes, & whites of the eyes caused by the deposit of bile pigment from too much bilirubin,a waste product found in the blood when worn-out blood cells are broken down. May be a symptom of gallstones or liver carcinoma.
melena Passage of dark tarry stools. Color is the result of digestive enzymes working on blood in the GI tract.
nausea The urge to vomit.
obesity Body weight that is above a healthy level. A person whose weight interferes with normal activity & bodily function has morbid obesity.
orthodontics Branch of dentistry concerned with correction of problems with tooth alignment. A specialist is an orthodontist.
periodontics Branch of dentistry concerned with treating conditions involving the gums & tissues surrounding the teeth. A specialist is a periodontist.
polyp Small tumor with a pedicle or stem attachment. Commonly found on mucous membranes such as those lining the colon or nasal cavity. Colon polyps may be precancerous.
proctology Branch of medicine involved in diagnosis & treatment of diseases & disorders of the anus and rectum. Physician is a proctologist.
pyrosis Pain and burning sensation usually caused by stomach acid splashing up into the esophagus. Commonly called heartburn.
regurgitation Return of fluids and solids from the stomach into the mouth.
Created by: AltheaMathews