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sociology ch9

levels of stratification and the types of characteristics that vary from society to society social stratification
unequal sharing of scarce resources and social rewards social inequality
scarce resources and social rewards are distributed on the basis of a scribed statuses caste system
a distribution of scarce resources and rewards determining on basis of achieved status class system
owners of the means of production in a capitalist society bourgeoise
work to sell their labor in exchange for wages proletariat
group with similiar levels of wealth, power and presteige social class
made up of persons assests wealth
people of sustantial wealth also usually posess considerable power. Helps control the behavior of others. power
respect, honor recognition, or curtousy and individual receives from other members of society. prestiege
a rqating that combines social factors such as educational level, occupatinal prestiege and place of residence with economic factors of income. socioeconomic
use stratification as a necessary feature of the social structure and helps explain why lawyers and doctors spend extra years training. funtionalist theory
technique used to rank individuals allowing to social class reputational method
makes up a 1% population ex. rockefellar, kennedys upperclass
generally high income families and professionals. Most have a college education and advanced degrees upper middle class
live a comfortable life but most work hard to keep what they have achieved. Conservative and have traditional values. lower middle class
they do jobs of manual labor working class
not much presteige ex. maids, janitors blue collar jobs
work hard at lowest paying jobs. Depend on govt. for food stamps. Usually high school dropouts. Not involved politically working poor
families that have experience unemployment and poverity several generations are considered part of this class underclass
the movement between or with social classes are strata social mobility
refers to movement within a social class or structure takes place when a person moves from one job to another of equal social rankings horizontal mobility
movement between social classes and stratum vertical mobility
refers to movement of a job upward or downward stratum
results from such personal factors such asillness, divorce, widowhood, and retirement downward mobility
standard or living below the minimum level consider adeqequate by society poverty
minimum income level the govt considers families with income levels below the amount to be poor. as an age group children have the percentage in poverty. children under age 18 make up 25% of the population. 37% of poor are women. poverty level
sociologists mean the likelihood that individuals have of sharing in the opportunities and benefits of society life chances
refers to average number of years a person can expect to live life expectancy
higher in low income families. most are arrested and sent to prison divorce rate
welfare, food stamps, and low income housing govt. response to poverty
to redistribute money for payments to different segments of society. redistribution involved taking in percentage collected through takes and fumeling it to groups that need public assistance ex. school lunches, medicate transfer payments
a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside of a social group. exogamy
Created by: tatiana6634