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Integumentary Sys.

Chapter 5

Abrasion Scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area
Absecess Localized collection of pus in any part of the body
Alopecia Partial or complete loss of hair.
Bedsore Inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body. - decubitis ulcer or pressure sore
Blister Small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluids - vesicle
Bruise bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by escape of blood into the tissue as a result of an injury to the area
Cellulitis diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Cerumen Ear wax
Comedo lesion of acne vulgaris. caused by accumlation of kertin and sebum.-closed: whitehead, open: blackhead
Contusion injury to part of the body without a break in the skin
Corium The Dermis; the layer of the skin just under the epidermis
Cryosurgery noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destory the tissue
Curettage process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material.
Debridement removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing
Dermatologist physician who specialized in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
Ecchymosis bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane cause by an escape of blood into the tissues resulting of injury
Electrodesiccation technique that uses an electrial spark to burn and destroy tissue; primarliy for the removal of surface lesions
Epidermis outermost layer of skin
Erythema Redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation.
Erythremia abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells; polycythemia vera
Fissure cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
Furuncle localized pus-producing infection originating deep in the hair follicle; a boil
Hair Follicle tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft
Hemangioma benign tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color
Laceration tear in the skin
Lunula crescent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
Macule small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised or depressed
Onychomycosis Fungal infection of the nails
Papule small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin
Pediculosis infestation with lice
Petechia small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin
Polyp small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface. - mushroom stalk
Pruritus itching
Scales thin flakes of hardened epithelium shed from the epidermis
Sebum oily secretions of the sebaceous glands
Skin Tags small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck, also known as a cutaneous papilloma
Stretch Marks linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth
Subcutaneous Tissue fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis
Sudoriferous Gland sweat gland
Sweat clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; also known as perspiration
Sweat Gland One of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat, which carries waste products to the surface of the skin for excretion
Ulcer circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
Vesicle small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid. -blister
Wheal circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surronding edges. -hives
Xeroderma chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness
Cyst a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semi fluid, or solid material
Fissure cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
Macule small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised or depressed
Papule small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin - pimple
Vesicle blister
Acne Vulgaris inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck. - acne
Albinism absence of pigment in the skin, hair, & eyes
Degree Burns 1st (superficial)- redness & swelling of the epidermis 2nd-(partial thickness)blistering pink to red color and some swelling 3rd-(full thickness)tissue damage
Carcinoma, Basal Cell malignant tumor (most common) of epithelial tissue occuring in areas exposed to sun
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell malignancy of the squamous cells of epithelial tissue, faster growing cancer
Eczema acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition
Exanthematous Viral Diseases skin eruption or rash accompanied by inflammation
Gangrene Tissue Death due to loss of adequate blood supply.
Herpes Zoster (shingles) acute viral infection characterized by painful vesicular eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways
Impetigo Contagious Superficial skin infection. Usually forming on the face
Kaposi's Sarcoma vascular malignant lesions beginning as soft purple brown nodules or plaques .
Keloid enlarged, irregularly shapped, and elevated scar that forms due to the large amounts of collagen
Leukoplakia White, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane
Malignant Melanoma skin tumor - canerous
Onychomycosis Fungal Infection of the nails
Psoriasis Common, noninfectious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales
Rosacea Chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle third of the face
Scabies HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite"
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Chronic, Multisystem, inflammatory disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin - butterfly rash
Tinea Ringworm
Tinea Capitis Ringworm of the scalp - more common in children
Tinea Corporis Ringworm of the body, round patches with elevated red borders
Tinea Pedis Athletes foot
Tinea Cruris Ringworm of the groin
Wart (Verruca) bening, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis
Allergy Testing procedure used to identiy specific allergens in an individual by exposing the person to a very small amount of allergen
Debridement removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue to prevent infection
Liposuction aspiration of fat through a suction cannula
Skin Biopsy removal of a small piece of tissue from a skin lesion for the purpose of examining
Created by: asmaba08