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Musc & Joints


Buccinator fleshy part of the cheek.
Temporal above and near the ear.
Masseter the angle of the jaw.
Trapezius triangular-shaped muscle.
Latissimus Dorsi forms the border of the armpit.
Pectoralis Major large, fan-shaped muscle.
Deltoid covers the shoulder joint.
Gluteus Maximus fleshy part of the buttock.
Gluteus Medius located above the upper outer quadrant of the gluteus maximus muscle.
Gastrocnemius main muscle of the calf.
Tibialis Anterior positioned on the front of the leg.
Arthralgia pain in the joints.
Atrophy wasting away; without development
Contracture abnormal bending of a joint into a fixed position.
Fascia thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrates and cover the entire muscle.
Insertion the point of attachment of a muscle to the bone it moves.
Involuntary Muscle muscles that act without conscious control.
Origin the point of attachment of a muscle to a bone that is less moveable.
Pelvic Girdle Weakness weakness of the muscles of the pelvic girdle.
Striated Muscles muscles that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope.
Tendon a strong fibrous band of tissue that extends from a muscle.
Torso the main part of the body, to which the head and the extremities are attached; also called the trunk.
Muscular Dystrophy group of genetically transmitted disorders. characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles.
Rotator Cuff Tear tear in the muscles that form a "cuff" over the upper end of the arm.
Strains injury to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon.
Muscle Biopsy the extraction of a specimen of muscle tissue.
Electromyography process of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulated by an electric current.
Circumduction movement of an extremity around in a circular motion
Abduction movement of a bone away from the midline of the body.
Adduction movement of a bone towards the midline of the body.
Arthralgia joint pain.
Articular Cartilage thin layer of cartilage protecting and covering the connecting surfaces of the bones.
Ball-and-Socket Joint joints that allows movements in many directions around a central point.
Bunion abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe.
Bunionectomy surgical removal of a bunion;
Bursa a small sac that contains synovial fluid for lubricating the area around the joint.
Closed Reduction the manual forcing of a joint back into it's original position.
Crepitation clicking or cracking sounds.
Dorsiflexion of the foot is bending of the foot backward, or upward, at the ankle.
Extension straightening motion that increases the angle between 2 bones.
Flexion bending motion the decreases the angle between 2 bones.
Ganglionectomy surgical removal of a ganglion
Hinge Joint joints that allows movement in 1 direction; back & forth motion.
Joint Cavity space between 2 connecting bones.
Kyphosis hunchback or humpback.
Ligaments connective tissue bands that joins bone to bone.
Malaise a vague feeling of weakness
Photosensitivity increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight.
Plantar Flexion of the foot is bending the foot downward, at the ankle, as in ballet dancing.
Pronation the act of turning the palm down or backward.
Rotation the turning of a bone on it's own axis.
Sciatica inflammation of the sciatic nerve.
Subluxation an incomplete dislocation
Supination the act of turning the palm up or forward.
Suture an immovable joint.
Synovial Fluid thick lubricating fluid located in the synovial joints.
Viscous sticky; gelatinous
Arthritis inflammation of joints.
Ganglion cystic tumor developing on a tendon.
Gout form of acute arthritis that is characterized by inflammation on the first metatarsal joint of the great toe.
Lyme Disease acute recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick.
Osteoarthritis most common form of arthritis and results from wear and tear on the joints. (degenerative joint disease)
Rheumatoid Arthritis chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body.
Arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis.
Arthroplasty surgical repair of a joint.
Created by: kmariemurray