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Lung

A -- Lung, Trachea, and Bronchi Sturcture

QuestionAnswer
The trachea begins at the level of what vertebrae? C6
What is the name of the cartilage over the larynx? cricoid
At what level does the trachea end (branch into primary bronchus)? The level of the inferior border of T4 or the intervertebral disc between T4/T5
The division of the trachea into Rt and Lt primary bronchus is maked interiorly by what structure? carina
Describe the posterior wall of the trachea. fibromuscular membrane
What is the shape of the tracheal cartilages? U-shaped
The arch of the aorta is anatomically related in what way to the trachea? anteriorly
The left brachiocephalic vein is anatomically related in what way to the trachea? anteriorly
The esophagus is anatomically related in what way to the trachea? posteriorly
The arch of the azygos vein is anatomically related in what way to the trachea? to the right
The left recurrent laryngeal nerve is anatomically related in what way to the trachea? in the groove between trachea and esophagus
This bronchus wider, shorter, and more vertical? the right bronchus
The apex of the lung projects _______________ and is about 1.5 in. above the __________________. upward, clavicle
The base of the lung is also know as what surface? diaphragmatic
This is a depression in the medistinal surface of the lung which bronchi, blood and lymph vessels, and nerves enter or leave? hilum
The bronchi, blood and lymph vessels, and nerves that enter or leave the lung are know collectively as what? root of the lung
Which of the lungs is larger? right lung
The impression for the arch of the aorta would be noted on which lung's medistinal surface? left
The impression for the arch of the azygos vein would be noted on the mediatinal surface of which lung? right
The cardiac impression is larger on the mediastinal surface of which lung? left
These are functional and structurely independent units of the lung lobes, also known as _________________ bronchi? bronchopulonmary segments, segmental or tertiary bronchi
The veins of the bronchopulmonary segments are arrangement in what relationship to the segments? intersegmental (lie in connective tissue between segments)
The superior lingular segment would be found in which lung? the left lung
The root of each lung contains how many pulmonary arteries? 1 per lung
The root of each lung contains how many pulmonary veins? 2 per lung
Which lungs pulmonary artery lies anterior to the principle bronchus of that lung? right lung
In the left lung the pulmonary artery is anatomical related in what way to the bronchus? superiorly
Created by: justice2 on 2004-09-05



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