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Wiker SS Ch 1

Social Studies Ch. 1 - Our County's Geography

a physical feature, such as a plain, mountain, hill, valley, or plateau, on the Earth’s surface landform
a group of connected mountains mountain range
an area at or near the foot of a mountain piedmont
the level of the surface of the ocean sea level
a broad area of high mostly flat land plateau
low, bowl-shaped land with higher ground all around it basin
an opening in the Earth, often on a hill or mountain, through which hot lava, gases, ash, and rock may pour out volcano
the height of land in relation to sea level elevation
A line on a drawing or map that connects all points of equal elevation contour line
the part of a body of water flowing in a certain directions current
the regular rise and fall of the ocean and of the bodies of water connected to it tide
an area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water inlet
a long inlet often parallel to the coast sound
a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river tributary
land drained by a river system drainage basin
a place where the elevation of the land drops sharply, causing rivers to form waterfalls or rapids fall line
the kind of weather a place has most often, year after year climate
the plant life that grows naturally in a place natural vegetation
the driest side of a mountain rain shadow
the amount of moisture in the air, measured in percent(%) humidity
a long period of time with little or no rain in an area drought
dry arid
a cold, dry region where trees can not grow tundra
an area of flat or rolling land covered mostly by grasses and wildflowers prairie
a kind of grassland that has areas with a few scattered trees savanna
something found in nature that people can use; examples: wood, oil, and water natural resource
to change modify
matter added to the soil to make it produce more crops fertilizer
the use of canals, ditches, or pipes to move water to dry areas irrigation
a resource that is NOT able to be made again quickly by nature or by people; example: oil is the result of millions of years of decomposition of vegetation, it is a process that occurs very slowly so oil is a nonrenewable resource nonrenewable resource
a resource that IS able to be made again quickly by nature or by people; example: waste (dirty) water can be cleaned through a water purification system so water is considered a renewable resource renewable resource
the wearing down of Earth’s surface, usually by wind or water erosion
The way in which most of the land in a place is used (examples: residential, industrial, recreational, or commercial) land use
the position of one place in relation to another relative location
an area that shares a government and leaders political region
an area defined by the kind of work people do ore the products they produce economic region
an area in which people share some ways of life cultural region
an area based on where people live population region
Having to do with a large city urban
the area of smaller cities or towns around a large city suburban
having to do with a place far away from a city rural
a place that connects people, goods, and ideas crossroads
a large city and the suburbs that surround it metropolitan area
the exact location of a place on Earth, either a postal location, or latitude and longitude coordinates absolute location
lines on a map or globe that run east and west; also called parallels lines of latitude
a line of latitude; called parallel because they are always the same distance from each other parallel
lines on a map or globe that run north and south, also called meridians lines of longitude
a line of longitude that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole meridian
the meridian marked 0 degrees that runs north and south through Greenwich, England prime meridian
Created by: wiker5