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Med Term Mid Term

Med Term Mid Term Ch.6

Which of the following is not one of the organs of the immune system? Liver
The lymphocytes known as ____ cells secrete antibodies into the blood in response to the presence of foreign substances B
B cells change into these cells, which produce proteins called immunoglobulins. Plasma Cells
What does the T in T cells stand for? Thymus
Which of the following is associated with specific immunity rather than nonspecific immunity. Macrophages
The inflammatory response is part of ____ immunity nonspecific
This type of immunity is developed through exposure to a disease active immunity
Maternal immunity develops when a mother passes her antibodies to her child through ____. placenta and breast milk
This combining form means gland Aden/o
What does the combining form auto- mean? self
An immunoglobulin that is specific to an antigen and that protects an individual from disease is called a(n) ____. antibodies
Which of the following sets of lymph nodes are found below the waist? popliteal
The term humors refers to ____. watery fluids in body
The ____ is the lymphoid tissue located on either side of the pharynx. palentine tonsil
Phagocytosis is the process of ____. ingesting and destroying cells or foreign substances.
The ____ is the drainage sac for the lymph of the abdominal and lumbar regions. cisterna chyli
Lymphatic tissue is the only tissue in the body that ____. reaches adult growth during childhood.
A mother's immunity provides her newborn protection for ____. several months
What happens to the immune system as a person ages? functions less efficiently
When a body fights disease, the cells that it attacks and attempts to destroy are called ____. antigens
This autoimmune disorder, also called thyrotoxicosis, attacks the follicle membrane in the thyroid. Graves' disease
This autoimmune disorder has its onset in young adulthood, and is most common in females. systemic lupus erythematosus
When does the thymus reach its maximum size, and what happens afterward? It reaches its maximum size during puberty, after which it shrinks and becomes fatty tissue
The most common allergy is hay fever, which was named in ____ in ____. England;1865
Anaphylactic shock results from ____. severe allergic reaction
____ is a local anaphylactic reaction resulting from swelling within the respiratory tract. asthma
A person with AIDS is especially at risk for this type of cancer lymphoma
This infection, caused by a fungus normally found in the gastrointestinal tract, can cause systemic infection in a person with AIDS candidiasis
This bacterial infection usually affects birds, but has also been found to be an opportunistic infection in AIDS patients Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) complex
This progressive immunodeficiency disorder involves many systems, particularly the nervous system ataxia telangiectasia
Graves' disease is an autoimmune condition of the ____. thyroid
Hemolytic anemia is an autoimmune disorder caused by antibodies directed against ____. red blood cells
____ is an immunologic disorder characterized by thickening of the skin. Scleroderma
The ____ is the largest lymphoid structure spleen
"Shotty" refers to a rubbery, freely movable, abnormal-feeling ____. lymph node
This immunoglobulin is the most common and crosses the placenta and assists with passive and recall immunity IgG
Which immunoglobulin accounts for about 5-10 percent of the total immunoglobulins in the blood and acts as the first line of defense? IgM
The presence of HIV is assessed with this test. ELISA and Western Blot
When testing the immune system, a gallium scan is used to enhance the visibility of ____. lymphoid tissue
____ are the mainstay of treatment for bacterial infections. Antibiotics
The drug AZT is used to combat ____. HIV
For what is an antihistamine prescribed? allergies
Which of the following drug is an antifungal agent? Mycostatin
Which of the following drugs is not an antiviral agent? Bactrim
The ____ is (are) the immune system's first line of defense against the outside environment. tonsils
Of these medical abbreviations discussed in Chapter 6, which refers to a surgical procedure? T
The function of the lymph nodes is to filter lymph fluid
Lymph fluid flows into the ____ and the ____ before being emptied into the veins of the neck. right lymphatic duct; thoracic duct
Lymph in the abdomen is often referred to as ____. chyle
Once they enter the tissue to fight infection, monocytes mature into ____. macrophages
Created by: hdonahue