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terminology review 2

chapter two

a microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow aerobe
a microrgansim that grows best in the absent oxygen anaerobe
an agent that inhibits the growth of or kilss microorganisms antiseptic
free from infection or pathogens the action practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens asepsis
slender, hair like projections that constantly beat toward the outside and remove microrganisms from the body cilia
to soil or make inpure. an aseptic object is contminated when it touches something that is not clean contaminate
the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate or destroy pathogens on a surface decontaminate
the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands hand hygiene
the condition in which the body. or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen. infection
practices that are empolyes to redue the number and hinder the transmition of pathogens medical asepsis
a microscopic plant or animal microrgansim
a microorgansim that dose not normally produce disease non pathogen
an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviroment opportunistic infection
the temperature at which a organism grows best optimum frowth temperature
taken into the body througth piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes such as through needlesticks, human bites, and abrasions parenteral
a disease- producing microrgansims pathogen
relating to the peroid shortlybefore and after birth perinatal
the degree in which a solution is acidic or basic ph
treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease postexposure prophylaxis (pep)
medical waste that poses a threat to heath and saftey regulated medical waste (rmw)
the organsim that becomes infected by a pathogenand serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others reservoir host
harmless nonpathogenic microorganisms that normalyreside on the skin and usually do not cause disease. also known as normal flora resident flora
easliy affected laqcking resistance susceptible
microrgansims that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activities. they are often pathogenic but can removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands transient flora
Created by: darciascearse