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medical term

A Thrombus is.. A stationary blood clot.
An Embolus is.. A traveling blood clot.
Aneurysm is.. Local widening of an atery.
Platelet Thrombocyte
White bood cell Luekocyte
Red blood cell erythrocyte
Serum liquid portion of blood after a blood clot has formed.
Plasma Yellow liquid portion of blood.
Blood Brings oxygen & nutrients to cells; carries away waste.
Veins has deoxygenated blood; returns blood from all body parts to the heart.
Capilleries Permits the exchange of nutrients and waste product between the blood and cells.
Arteries has oxygenated blood except pulminary arteries; transports blood from heart to all parts of the body.
Blood Vessels Transports blood to and from all areas of the body.
Valves Prevents backflow of blood: atrio-ventricular valves and semilunar valves.
Nose exchanges air during inhalling and exhaling; warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air.
Sinuses provides mucus, makes bones of the skull lighter, and aids in sound production.
Pharynx Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea.
Larynx makes speech possible.
Eppiglottis Closes off the trachea during swallowing.
Glottis Opening of the larynx or trachea.
Trachea transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi.
Bronchi Transports air from the trachea into the lungs.
Bronchioles where cartilage is lost.
Alveoli Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood.
Asthma Bronchoconstriction; swelling of the bronchus (edema); mucus production.
Thyroid catillage adam's apple
Conchae Delays passage of air so there's time for air to be moistened and warmed.
Cilia filtered air
mucus membrane warm and moistens the air
Mouth begins preparation of food for digestion.
Bolus food inside the mouth that has already been chewed and ready to be swallowed.
Pharynx (throat)- transports food from the mouth to the esophagus.
Esophagus Transports food from the pharynx to the stomach.
Peristalsis involuntary movement of contraction and relation to propel the food down
Stomach breaks down food and mixes it with digestive juices
Chyme the food that entered the stomach and underwent chemical digestion.
Rugae ridges inside the stomach that make the inner surface rough.
Small intestines Completes digestion and absorption of most nutrients.
villi microscopic structures found in the walls of the SI that facilitate absorption.
Large intestines aborbs access water and prepares solid waste for elimination
Rectum and Anus controls the excretion of solid wastes
Salivary glands Parotid, submandibular, sublingual
Liver Secretes bile and enzymes to aid in the digestion of fats.
Biliary System (Gallbladder)- stores bile and releases it to the small intestine as needed.
Pancreas- Secretes digestive juices and enzymes into small intestine as needed.
hematochezia fresh blood on the stools
Created by: rrweber08