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Bonewit Chapter 2

Asepsis & OSHA

Aerobe a micrrorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow
Anaerobe A miccrorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kill MO.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathgens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens
Cilia Slender, Hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove MO from the body
Contaminate To soil or to make impure.Aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove,inactive, or destory pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles.
Hand Hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The conditon in which the body, or part or it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employes to reduce the number & hinder the transmisson of pathogens
MO A microscope plant and animals
Nonintact skin Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes,but is not limited to, abrasions.
Nonpathogen A MO that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic Infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviroment.
Optimum Growth Temperture The temperture at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes.
Pathogen A disease-producing MO.
Perital Relating to the period shortly before & after brith.
Postexposure Prohylaxis (PEP) Treatment administered to an individal after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the diesase.
Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) Medical waste that poses a threat to health & safety.
Reservoir host The organism that becames infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident Flora Harmless, nonpathogen MO that normally reside on the skin & usally do not cause disease; also known as normal flora.
Susceptible Easily affected; lacking resistance.
Transit Flora MO that reside on the superfical skin layers & are picked up in course of daily actives.
Created by: heathertaylor