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Med term wk 1

Medical terminology a living language

A-or an- Without
Ante- Before or in front of
Anti- Against
Auto- Self
Brady- Slow
Contra- Opposite
Dia- Complete or through or across
dys- abnormal or difficult or painful
end- or endo- within or inner
epi- upon or over or above
eu- normal or good
ex- out or away from
hetero- different
hydro- water
hyper- excessive or above normal or above
hypo- deficient or below normal or below
in- in or within or not
infra- under or beneath or below
inter- between
intra- within or inside
ipsi- same
macro- large
meta- beyond or change
micro- small
neo- new
par- or para- beside or beyond or near or two parts of a pair
per- through
peri- around
poly- many
post- after
pre- or pro before or in front of
pseudo- false
retro- backward or behind
syn- together
tachy- rapid or fast
trans- through or across
ultra- beyond or excess
bi- or bin- or di- two or double or twice
hemi half
mono- or mon- or uni- one
multi- many
nulli- none
quad- or quadri- four
semi- partial or half
tri- three
arthr/o joint
carcin/o cancer
card/i heart
chem/o chemical
dermat/o skin
enter/o intestine or small intestine
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
immun/o immunity or immune or protection
morph/o shape
muscul/o muscle
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
pharyng/o pharynx (commonly called throat)
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
therm/o heat
tonsill/o tonsil
vertebr/o vertebra (a bone of the spinal column)
-algia pain
-cele hernia or protrusion
-cise cut
-cyte cell
-derma skin
-dynia pain
-edema swelling
-emia blood condition (add this suffix creates a noun)
-emic relating to blood (add this suffix creates an adjective)
-gen that which produces (add sfx creates a noun such as carcinogen)
-genesis production or generation (crts noun s/a carcinogenesis)
-genic producing (creates an adj such as a carcinogenic substance)
-gnosis knowing
-ia state or condition
-ism state of
-ion action or condition
-itis inflammation (a response to injury or infection)
-ization process of
-ize use or subject to
-logist one who studies or specialist
-logy study of
-lysis separation or destruction (creates a noun for example hemolysis)
-lytic separating or destructing (creates an adjective for example hemolytic)
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement large
-oma tumor or mass
-opsy view of
-osis abnormal condition or abnormal formation
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear or aversion
-plegia paralysis
-porosis porous
-ptosis drooping
-rrhagia or -rrhage profuse fluid discharge or excessive discharge
-rrhea discharge or flow
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis standing still
-stenosis narrowing
-therapy treatment
-trophy development or nourishment
-um adding "-um" to a word root creates a singular noun
-uria urine condition or urination
-centesis puncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomy excision Excision means removal by cutting.
-ostomy surgical construction of a mouth or outlet drainage/insertion of a tube.
-otomy incision Incision means cutting into.
-pexy surgical fixation to hold or fasten in a rigid position.
-plasty surgical repair or reshaping by surgery
-rrhaphy suturing Suturing means stitching.
-tripsy surgical crushing
-gram image
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-scope instrument for viewing or examination
-scopy process of using an instrument to visually examine
-tome cutting instrument
constructed terms terms that are built using word parts
medical terms that are not build from word parts - words of Greek or Latin origin - modern terms -named for function, such as brain scan, skin graft and blood test
eponyms terms that are named after the person who first identified the condition, described the procedure or devised the object. They usually, but not always, begin with a capital letter.
acronyms abbreviations that are pronounceable words formed from the first letter of several terms
1. Prefixes - modify a word root or suffix with information about direction, location, amount, size or frequency - prefixes are optional in a constructed term - end with a hyphen when listed in a table of prefixes (example
2. Word roots - provide basic meaning - usually, but not always part of a constructed term - listed in tables as a combining form (combining forms usually end in "o") (example
o," meaning "heat")
3. Suffixes - provide meaning such as condition, disease, procedure - required in every constructed term - begin with a hyphen when listed in a table (example "-ia," meaning "state or condition") - may convert a word root into an adjective
4. Rules for using a combining vowel - combining vowels are usually "o" - they function in making a long medical term easier to pronounce - they are only used between a word root and suffix if the suffix begins in a consonant - they are always used between two word roots
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-atic pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ile pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ose pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
1. -algia pain
2. -centesis puncture to withdraw fluid
3. -dynia pain
4. -ectomy excision
5. -gen that which produces (adding this suffix creates a noun)
6. -genic producing (adding this suffix creates an adjective)
7. -gram image
8. -ia state or condition
9. -itis inflammation
10. -logist one who studies or specialist
11. -logy study of
12. -megaly enlargement
13. -meter instrument for measuring
14. -oma tumor or mass
15. -otomy incision
16. -pathy disease
17. -pexy surgical fixation
18. -plasty surgical repair
19. -ptosis drooping
20. -scope instrument for viewing
21. -scopy process of using an instrument to visually examine
22. -rrhaphy suturing
23. -rrhea discharge or flow
24. -therapy treatment
25. -trophy development or nourishment
Created by: Faaland