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bonewit chapter 2

Medical Asepsis & the OSHA Standards

a microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow. aerobe
a microorganism that grows the best in the absence of oxygen. anaerobe
an agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms antiseptic
free from infection or pathogen;the actions practiced to make & maintain the area or object free form infection or pathogen. asepsis
slender,hairlike projectiles that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganism from the body. cilia
to soil or to make impure.an asepstic object become ''this'' when it touches something that is not clean. contaminate
the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate or destroy pathogenson a surface or iteam to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles. decontamination
the processes of cleaning or sanitizing the hands. hand hygiene
the condition in which the body,or part of it, is invaded by pathogen. infection
the practice that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens. medical asepsis
a microscopic plant or animal. microorganism
skin that has a break in the surface. it includes, but is not limited to,abrasions, cuts, hangnails, papercuts, & burns. nonintact skin
a microorganism that does not normally produce disease. nonpathogen
an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviroment. opportunistic infection
the temperature at which an organism grows best. optimum growth temperature
taken into the body throught the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membrane, such as needlestick, human bites, cuts &abrasuons. parenteral
a disease-producing microorganism pathogen
relating to the period shortly before & after birth. perinatal
treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease. postexposure prophylaxis(PEP)
medical waste that poses as a threat to health & safety regulated medical waste(RMW)
the organismthat becomes infected by a patogen & serve as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others. reservoir host
harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora resident flora
easily affected; lackin resistance susceptible
microorganisms that reside on the superfacial skin layer & are picked up in the course of daily activities. they are ofthe pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hand. transient flora
Created by: sashapalmer