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Bonewit Chapter 2

Medical Asepsis and the OSHA Standard

a microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow aerobe
a microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen anerobe
an agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms antiseptic
free from infection or pathogens;the actions practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens asepsis
slender, hairlike projection that constantly beats towar the outside to remove microorganisms from the body cilia
to soil or to make impure. an aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean contaminate
the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no lo rendered safe for handling decontamination
the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands hand hygiene
the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen infection
practices that are employed to reduce the number and hinder the transmition of pathogens medical asepsis
a microscopic plant or animal microorganism
si kin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, and burns nonintact skin
a microorganism that does not normally produce disease nonpathogen
an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment opportunist infection
the temperture at which an organism grows best optimum growth temperature
taken into the body through a piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes,such as through neddlesticks, human bites, cuts and abrasions parenteral
a disease-producing microorganism pathogen
relating to the period shortly before and after birth perinatal
treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)
medical waste that poses a threat to health and safety regulated medical waste (RMW)
the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others reservior host
harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin and usually do not cause diseas; also known as normal flora resident flora
easily affected; lacking resistance susceptible
microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activities. They are often pathogenic but can be easily removed form the skin by sanitizing the hands. transient flora