Welcome to StudyStack, where users create FlashCards and share them with others. Click on the large flashcard to flip it over. Then click the green, red, or yellow box to move the current card to that box. Below the flashcards are blue buttons for other activities that you can try to study the same information.
Reset Password Free Sign Up

Free flashcards for serious fun studying. Create your own or use sets shared by other students and teachers.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chemistry AP Ch. 14

Acids, Bases, and Aqueous Equilibria

Characteristics of Acids Sour
Characteristics of Bases Bitter; Slippery
Arrhenius Acid/Base acids produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution while bases produce hydroxide ions
Bronsted-Lowry Acid/Base Model Acids are protons (H+) donors and bases are proton acceptors
Lewis Acid/Base Mordel Acids are electron pair acceptors while bases are electron pair donors
Hyrdronium Ion H30+; can be used interchangably with H+.
Conjugate Acid Base + Proton (H+)
Conjugate Base everything that remains of an acid molecule after proton is lost. (HCl -> Cl-; HC2H3O2->C2H3O2-)
Acid Dissociation Constant A stupid name that Jones could use to throw us off and make us miss unnecessary points because we didnt read her notes. It's a fancy name for Ka
Conj. Base of Weak Acid strong conj. base. much stronger than water.
Conj. base of Strong Acid weak weak weak conjugate base.
Amphoteric Substance Substance that can act as an acid or as a base (H20, Fe(OH)3)
Ion product constant of water See Dissociateion constant of and acid. its just another name for a Kw; always 1E-14 at 25 degrees C
At 25 degrees [H+][OH-] ALWAYS EQUALS 1E-14.
Finding pH from [H+] -log[H+]
Finding [H+] from pH 10^(-pH); antilog(-pH)
pH of a polyprotic acid if you are finding the pH ONLY, then you only have to do the first dissociation. the others are negligibly small
finding the K value for a reverse equasion K^-1; 1/K
MetallicOxide (like CaO) dissolved in water Metallic Hyrdoxide (like Ca(OH)2)
Non-metallicOxides (like CO2) dissolved in water Weak Acid! (like H2CO3)
Strong Acids new from last year (excludes HNO3, HCl, H2SO4) HClO4; HI; HBr; H2CrO4; HMnO4
Oxyacid acidic proton connected to O (HOCl) and the more Os, the more acidic
Organic Acids have carboxyl groups. (COOH)
Salts of Highly Charged Metals Produce acidic solutions; AlCl3 + 6H2O -> Al(H2O)6(3+) + 3Cl-; which then causes the rare instance of a H+ breaking off in Al(H20)6(3+) -> Al(H20)5(OH)(2+) + H+
Created by: JuanCoolKid08

bad sites Copyright ©2001-2016  StudyStack LLC   All rights reserved.