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Integumentary Syst.

Chapter 5 Integumentary System.

Abrasion scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area.
Abscess localized collection of pus in any part of the body.
Alopecia partial or complete loss of hair.
Bedsore inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin.
Blister a small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle.
Bruise a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area.
Cellulitis a diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain and swelling.
Cerumen ear wax.
Comedo the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle (close comedo = whitehead; open comedo = blackhead.)
Contusion an injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin.
Corium the dermis; the layer of the skin just under the epidermis.
Cryosurgery a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue.
Curettage the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material.
Debridement removal of debris, foreign objects, and damages or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection to promote healing.
Dermatologist a physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases & disorders of the skin.
Ecchymosis a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; known as a bruise or a black&blue mark.
Electrodesiccation technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions.
Epidermis the outermost layer of the skin.
Erythema redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation. example: nervous blush or a mild sunburn.
Erythremia an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells; polycythemia vera.
Fissure a cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane.
Furuncle a boil; a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle.
Hair Follicle the tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft.
Hemangioma a benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color.
Laceration tear in the skin.
Lunula the crescent-shaped plate area at the base of the fingernail or toenail.
Macule a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised or depressed.
Onychomycosis any fungal infections of the nails.
Papule a small, solid, circumscribed elevation of the skin.
Pediculosis infestation with lice.
Petechia small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin.
Polyp a small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a muscous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk.
Pruritus itching.
Scales thin flakes of hardened epithelium shed from the epidermis.
Sebum the oily secretions of the sebaceous glands.
Skin Tags a small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck; also known as a cutaneous papilloma.
Stretch Marks linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth.
Subcutaneous Tissue fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis.
Sudoriferous Gland a sweat gland.
Sweat the clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; also known as prespiration.
Sweat Gland one of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat.
Ulcer a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation.
Vesicle a blister; a small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid.
Acne Vulgaris a common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck, and which appears as papules, pustules, and comedos.
Albinism a condition characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
1st, 2nd, 3rd Degree Burns tissue injury by flame, heat, chemicals, radiation, electricity, or gases.
Carcinoma; Squamous Cell a malignancy of the squamous (or scalelike) cells of the epithelial tissue, which is a much faster growing cancer than basal cell carcinoma and which has a greater potential for metastasis if not treated.
Carcinoma; Basal Cell the most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue, occurring most often on areas of the skin exposed to the sun.
Eczema an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, postules, scales, crusts, or scabs, and accompanied by intense itching.
Exanthematous Viral Diseases skin eruption or rash accompanied by inflammation, having specific diagnostic features of an infectious viral disease
Gangrene tissue death due eto the loss of adequate blood supply, invasion of bacteria, & subsequent decay of enzymes (especially proteins)- producing an offensive, foul odor.
Herpes Zoster (Shingles) acute viral infection characterized by painful vesicular eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways of underlying spinal or cranial nerves.
Impetigo contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles, & pustules filled with millions of stephylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face.
Kaposi's Sarcoma vascular malignant lesions that begin as soft purple-brown nodules or plaques on the face & oral cavity but can occur anywhere on the body, & gradually spread throughout the skin.
Keloid enlarged, irregularly shaped, & elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formation of the scar.
Luekoplakia white, hard, thickened patches firmly attatched to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva, or penis.
Melignant Melanoma malignant skin tumor originating from melanocytes in preexisting nevi, freckles, or skin with pigment; darkly pigmented cancerous tumor.
Psoriasis common, non-infectious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales covering round, raised, reddened plaques producing itching.
Rosacea chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin. Persistent redness over the areas of the face, noses, and cheeks.
Scabies highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite", resulting in a rash, puritus, & a slightly raised threadlike skin lines.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus chronic, multisystem, inflammatory disease characterized by lesions, of the nervous system & skin, renal problems, & vasculitis. A red rash known as the "butterfly rash" is often on the nose & face.
Tinea (Ringworm) a chronic fungal infection of the skin that is characterized by scaling, itching, & sometimes painful lesions. The lesions are named according to the body part affected.
Tinea Capitis Ringworm of the scalp.
Tinea Corporis Ringworm of the body.
Tinea Cruris Ring of the groin; "jock itch"
Tinea Pedis Ringworm of the foot; "athlete's foot"
Wart (Verruca) a benign circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis; caused by the human papilloma virus.
Allergy Testing various procedures used to identify specific allergens in an individual by exposing the person to a very small quanity of the allergen.
Liposuction aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours.
Skin Biopsy removal of a small piece of tissue from a skin lesion for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis.
Created by: kmariemurray