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V.S. Key Terms

Afebrile without a fever
Apnea absence of respirations, temporary cessation of respiration
arrhythmia irregular or abnormal heart rhythm
auscultation process of listening with a stethoscope to sounds in the body
bradycardia slower than normal heart rate; for adults rate of below 60 bpm (beats per minute)
bradypnea slower than normal respiratory rate; less than 10 breaths per minute
cheyne-stokes respirations periods of difficult breathing followed by periods of no respirations
cyanosis bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to low levels of oxygen in the blood
diastolic pressure measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measures constant pressure in arteries
dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
febrile pertaining to a fever (elevated body temperature)
fever elevated body temperature, usually 100 F or greater (37.8 C)
homeostasis a constant state of natural balance within the body
hypertension high blood pressure
hyperthermia condition that occurs when body temperature exceeds 104 F (40 C)
hypotension low blood pressure
hypothermia condition that occurs when body temperature is below normal, usually 95 F (35 C)
orthopnea severe dyspnea in which breathing is very difficult in any position other than sitting or standing
palpation the act of using the hands to feel body parts during an examination
pulse pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart contracts or beats
pyrexia fever
rales bubbling or noisy sound caused by fluid or mucus in the air passages
respirations the process of taking in oxygen (inspiration) and expelling carbon dioxide (expiration) by way of the lungs and air passages
sphygmomanometer instrument calibrated for measuring blood pressure in millimeter of mercury (mm Hg); blood pressure cuff
stethoscope instrument used for listening to internal body sounds
systolic measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries
tachycardia faster than normal heartbeat; >100 bpm in adults
tachypnea respiratory rate > 25 breaths per minute in adults
temperature the measurement of the balance between heat lost and heat produced by the body
wheezing difficult breathing with a high-pitched whistling or sighing sound during expiration
97.6-99.6F Normal range for oral temperature
96.6-98.6F Normal range for axillary temperature
98.6-100.6F Normal range for rectal & aural temperature
36.5-37.5C Normal range for oral Celsius temperature
37-38.1C Normal range for rectal/aural Celsius temperature
36-37C Normal range for axillary Celsius temperature
60-70 bpm (beats per minute) Normal pulse range for adult male
65-80 bpm (beats per minute) Normal pulse range for adult female
70-90 bpm (beats per minute) Normal pulse range for children over 7
80-110 bpm (beats per minute) Normal pulse range for children 1-7
100-160 bpm (beats per minute) Normal pulse range for infants
12-20 breaths per minute Normal adult respiratory rate
16-27 breaths per minute Normal child respiratory rate
30-50 breaths per minute Normal infant respiratory rate
100-120 mm Hg Normal range for systolic pressure
60-80 mm Hg Normal range for diastolic pressure
40 mm Hg Normal pulse pressure
Created by: kbailey