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First Geo. vocab.

Western Hemisphere Geegraphy Vocabulary Quiz

environment the geographic characteristics that surround and affect the way people live
geography Geo = world; graphy = to write; study of Earth and how people live on Earth and use its resources
map a graphic model of the Earth or part of the Earth that is drawn on a flat surface
modify to change or meet the wants of people
place a particular position or point in space
scale the measurement on a map or globe that shows the distance between two places
sustainable able to be maintained at a certain rate or level
archipelago a group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean
border the location where one place touches another place at the boundary
Central America southern part of North America extending from southern border of Mexico to northwestern Columbia
climate local weather conditions of an area like temperature, precipitation, humidity, sunshine, wind and other conditions
coast the land next to the ocean
gulf a large body of water that cuts deep into the land
mountains A land form that is very high and steep that are wide at the bottom and rise to a narrow peak or ridge. Geographers classify a mountain as land that rises at least 2000 feet above sea level. A number of mountains next to each other = mountain range
natural resources materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
North America continent comprising (including) Greenland, United States, Mexico and Central America
ocean a large body of salt water
river a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to a sea, lake or another stream
South America continent comprising of land from Panama to Cape Horn
region an area that has one or more geographic characteristics in common, such as the Amazon Rain Forest
physical characteristics describes the natural environment of a place; they include physical features (landforms and bodies of water), weather and climate, soil, vegetation, and animal life
landforms the different shapes of the Earth's surface; mountains, hills, plateaus, plains, valleys, penninsulas, and islands are examples of landforms
plains large areas of flat land
forest an area where coniferous and deciduous trees are the most dominant plants. Decidious trees shed their leaves in the fall. Coniferous trees include tress that have pinecones, such as fir and spruce
rainforest a dense, either tropical or temperate forest, that receives lots of rain year round
physical map a map that shows landforms
political map a map that shows location and borders of countries and communities
bay an inlet of a body of water (as the sea) that is usually smaller than a gulf
compass rose a symbol that shows the directions: north, south, east and west
continent a very large body of land
lake a large inland body of standing water; also a pool of liquid (as oil or pitch)
landform map a map that shows the shape of the and, such as mountains and hills
Latin America the entire Western Hemisphere south of the United States
strait a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
tundra a cold, dry region covered with snow for more than half of the year; a vast treeless plain where the subsoil is always frozen
Created by: Adamsthornell