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Chapter 10


arteri / o artery
arteriography process of recording the arteries
arteriol / o arterioles (small arteries)
arteriolitis inflammation of arterioles
phleb / o vein
ven / o vein
venul / o venule (small veins)
capillari / o capillaries (microscopic arteries and veins where respiration takes place)
respiration exchange of gases oxygen and carbon dioxide
card /o cardi / o heart / pulse
tachycardia condition of fast heart/pulse
cardiovascular pertaining to heart and vessels
vasodilation increased dilation of a blood vessel
vasoconstriction decreased diameter of a blood vessel
lumen lumina (inside diameter of a vessel or tube)
vascular pertaining to (blood) vessels
angiogram a record of (blood) vessels
lymph / o lymph immune tissue
lymphoma tumor or mass of the lymph
lymphadenitis inflammation of a lymph gland
aden / o gland
lymphadenography process of recording the lymph nodes and glands
lymphangiogram record of the lymph vessels
splen / o spleen (lymph tissues; a reservoir for erythrocytes (RBCs) )
thrombosis thrombus (pertaining to an abnormal condition of a clot)
- penia deficiency
leukocytopenia deficiency of white blood cells (leukocytes)
plasm / o plasma (liquied portion of blood AKA serum)
- apheresis remove
plasmapheresis removal of plasma (return of blood cells to patient)
hematopoiesis the formation of blood
myel / o bone marrow (where blood formation occurs)
mylogencic pertaining to blood creation by bone marrow
erythropoieis formation of red blood cells
leukopoiesis formation of white blood cells
thrombopoiesis formation of clot cells
thrombocytes AKA platelets
- sclerosis Abnormal condition of hardening
arteriosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries
ather / o fatty plaque
atherosclerosis abnormal condition of hardening caused by fatty plaque
cholesterol / o cholesterol
hypercholesterolemia a blood condition of excessive cholesterol
cholesterol is... one type of fat, a lipid.
Arthersclerosis will cause... arterialstenosis (narrowing of the artery)
ech /o son / o using sound
sonogram a record using sound waves
steth / o thorax (chest)
stethoscope an instrument used for auscultation of body sounds
ascultation listening with a stethoscope
valvul / o valve
valvulitis inflammation of a valve
aden / o gland
lymphadenopathy diseased condition of the lymph glands
edema swelling
hemorrhoid / o hemorrhoids (swollen twisted veins of the anal region)
hemorrhoidectomy excision of a hemorrhoid
aortogram a record of the aorta
aorta largest artery in the body
pericardium pertaining to the sac around the heart
epicardium pertaining to the outer layer of the heart
myocardium pertaining to the muscle layer of the heart
endocardium pertaining to the inner layer of the heart
angiocarditis inflammation of a heart vessel
angioma tumor or mass of a blood vessel
angiospasm spasm of a blood vessel
angiostenosis narrowing of a blood vessel
aorticstenoisis narrowing of the arota
arteriorrhexis rupture of an artery
sternotomy surgical incision of the sternum
bacterial endocarditis inflammation in the lining of the heart caused by bacteria
cardiodynia pain in the heart
cardiomyopathy diseased condition of the heart muscle
cardiovalvulitis inflammation of a heart valve
coronary thrombosis abnormal condition of a clot in a coronary artery
coronary arteries vessels that deliver oxygenated blood to the heart tissue yourself
angiography process of recording a blood vessel
balloon angioplasty surgical repair of a blood vessel using a catheter with an inflatable balloon
catheter small flexible tube
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) surgical repair of a coronary artery using a balloon. The vessels that are commonly repaired with angiolasty are the coronary arteries.
coronary stint a device the prevents closure after an angioplasty
ischemia starvation of oxygen blood
laser angioplasty surgical repair of a vessel using a laser
coronary occlusion an obstruction (infarction) of a coronary artery
ebolous ebmolism emboli floating clot
TED HOSE Jobst Stocking antiemboli (compression) hose
TED thromboembolism deterrent
embolectomy surgical removal of an embolus
intracoronary thrombolytic therapy treatment to break up clots within the coronary artery
myocarditis inflammation of the muscle layer of the heart
pericarditis inflammation of the pericardium
polyarteritis inflammation of many arteries
hematocytopenia deficiency of blood cells
hematoma mass/tumor of blood
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) abnormal condition of a clot in a deep vein of the leg
hypertensive heart disease (HHD) heart disease caused by high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
varicose veins (varicosities) swollen, twisted, knotty, superfical veins of the leg
ligation (ligate) and stripping tying and removing
atherectomy removal of fatty plaque
endartherectomy surgical removal of within an artery
pericardiostomy new/artifical opening of the pericardium
arrhythima dysrythmia abnormal cardiac electrical impulses
holter monitor portable EKG device worn by a patient for 24 hours to detect arrhythmias
defibrillation (cardio version) application of an electric shock to the myocardium to restore rhythem
artificial pacemaker device implanted under the skin to regulate heartrate
phlebography the process of recording a vein
venogram a record of a vein
aneurysm weak area of an arterial septum (wall)
dissection tearing or ripping
femoropopliteal ("fempop") bypass surgery to establish an alternative route for blood flow between femoral and popliteal arteries
angioscopy the process of using a usually lighted instrument to view the blood vessels
phonocardiogram a record of heart sounds
phon / o sound
arteriogram a record of an artery
angiorraphy suturing of a blood vessel
cardiac catherization (cardiac cath) introducing a catheter into the heart to determine cardiac disease
angiocardiography introducing a catheter into the heart to determine cardiac disease
coronary areriography introducing a catheter into the heart to determine cardiac disease
cardiac scan radiographic scan of the heart after introduction of radioactive material
radioactive imagery is preformed in - nuclear medicine
transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) a record of the heart using sound waves transmitted across the esophagus
treadmill stress test test of heart function while the patient is exercising
hematologist a specialist in the study of blood
hemolysis break up/destruction of blood
hemostatis (hemostatic) the stopping or controlling of bleeding
hypothermia (hypothermic) deficient body heat
hyperthermia (hyperthermic) excessive body heat
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emergency procedure consistency of artificial ventilation and cardiac massage
extracorporeal (corpse) pertaining to outside the body
heart murmur sound made from regurgitation of blood past an incompetent valve
another medical term for murmur - bruit
perpheral vascular pertaining to blood vessels outside of the heart
venipuncture surgical puncture of a vein AKA phlebotomy
doppler flow study use of sound waves to determine blood flow within the blood vessels
anticogaulant against coagulation (clotting)
dyscrasia any blood abnormality
hemorrage the rapid flow of blood
necrosis (necrotic) death of a tissue
anastomosis (anastomses) joining
morphology the study of shapes
pallor paleness
angina pectoris thoracadynia caused by an ischemic heart
prophylaxis (prophylactic) preventive or precautionary treatment
shunt to detour or divert
malaise lack of energy
exacerbate to get worse / make worse
putrefaction (puterfy) (rot)caused by bacterial proliferation (growth in numbers)
gangrene rotting tissue
contrast (radiopaque) materials that show up well on x-rays
adipose tissue fat tissue
patent open
paroxysmal sudden
infiltrate (infiltration) to pass into or through
bone marrow biopsy (Bx) a test commonly used to diagnose cancers of the blood
AAA Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
CAD Coronary artery disease
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack / coronary)
AMI Acute myocardial Infarction (sudden)
ECG, EKG Electrocardialgram
CBC Complete blood count
H & H Hemoglobin and hematocrit
hemoglobin blood protein found in RBCs necessary for respiration
CCu Coronary care unit
telemerty CCU step down
CHF congestive heart faliure
Created by: RBarnes86