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Chapter 4 - Med Term

Chapter 4 Medical Terminology

Abdominal Cavity contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys.
Anaplasia a change in the structure and orientation of cells
Anatomical Position stand with arms at the side, palms turned forward, head and feet pointed forward
Anterior front of the body
Aplasia a development failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue.
Cardiac Muscle muscular wall of the heart.
Caudal pertaining to the tail.
Cell the smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
Cell Membrane the cell's outer covering (barrier)
Cervical Vertebrae Neck
Chromosones controls growth, repair, and reproduction
Coccyx the tail bone
Connective Tissue supports and binds body parts and other body tissues
Cranial Pertaining to the head.
Cranial Cavity Brain.
Cytology The study of cells.
Distal away from the surface and towards the inside of the body.
Dorsal pertaining to the back.
Dysplasia any abnormal development of tissues or organs
Epigastric Region the region of the abdomen located between the left and right hypochondriac region the upper section of the abdomen
Epithelial Tissue tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body; also lines the vessels, body cavities, glands, and body organs.
Frontal Plane divides the body in half (front to back)
Genes segments of chromosones that transmit hereditary characteristics
Histologist medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues.
Hyperplasia an increase in the # of cells of a body part.
Hypogastric Region middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical region.
Hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells.
Inferior away from the head.
Inguinal Region right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen; (iliac region)
Lateral toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body.
Lumbar Region right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen.
Mcburney's Point located on the right side of the abdomen, about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip.
Medial toward the midline (medial edge of the right breast)
Mediolateral pertaining to the middle & side of a structure.
Midline of the Body imaginary "line" created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves.
Mitochondria cell organs, which provide the energy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions.
Muscle Tissue produces movement of the body parts.
Navel Bellybutton.
Neoplasia new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant.
Nervous Tissue tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body
Nucleus central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane.
Pelvic Cavity lower front cavity of the body, located beneath the abdominal cavity; the urinary bladder and reproductive organs.
Peritoneum specific serous membrane the covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera.
Plane imaginary slices (or cuts) made through the body as if a dividing sheet were passed through the body at a particular angle and in a particular direction, permitting a view from a different angle.
Plantar sole or bottom of the foot.
Posterior back of the body.
Prone lying facedown on the abdomen.
Proximal toward or nearest the trunk of the body, or nearest to the point of origin of a body part.
Sacrum the singular triangular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the five individual sacral bones of the child.
Skeletal Muscle muscle that is attached to bone & is responsible for the movement of the skeleton.
Smooth Muscle viceral tissue in walls and hollow internal organs like stomach and intestines.
Superficial pertaining to the surface of the body, or near the surface.
Superior above or upward toward the head.
Supination a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward.
Supine lying horizontally on the back, faceup.
Thoracic Cavity the chest cavity, which contains the lungs, hearts, aorta, esophagus, and trachea.
Tissue group of cells that performs specialized functions.
Transverse Plane cutting across the body. dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
Umbilical Region region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen, between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epigastric region.
Umbilicus the navel; belly button.
Ventral pertaining to the front; belly side.
Visceral pertaining to the internal organs.
Visceral Muscle muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines.
Created by: kmariemurray