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PSYCH 3230 -1

Test #2

QuestionAnswer
One of the problems with actuarial data for an instrument like the MMPI is that c. the profiles of many subjects do not "fit" the profile types for which actuarial data are available.
Coping strategies are a. efforts to deal with stress.
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale c. is an imperfect means of quantifying the level of stress experience over a period of time.
One of the problems with actuarial data for an instrument like the MMPI is that c. the profiles of many subjects do not "fit" the profile types for which actuarial data are available.
Coping strategies are a. efforts to deal with stress.
The development of new methods of coping a. may be an outcome of a crisis.
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale c. is an imperfect means of quantifying the level of stress experience over a period of time.
Short-term crisis therapy c. begins with the assumption that the affected individual was functioning well before the current crisis.
Dr. Kim is a psychologist who uses a number of tests to measure a person's cognitive, perceptual, and motor performance to detect brain damage. Dr. Kim is probably a specialist in using a. neuropsychological assessment.
Which of the following will lessen the impact of stress on a person? a. Positive social and family relationships
Ed has suffered a head injury in a car accident. He is referred to a psychologist to see what types of impairment now exist and to get some suggestions for treatment. The best assessment strategy would be neuropsychological tests.
The development of new methods of coping a. may be an outcome of a crisis.
Which of the following statements about reliability and validity is true? Valid tests are usually reliable.
For which of the following would the use of stress-inoculation training be most effective? a. Preparing for chemotherapy
The field of psychoneuroimmunology examines the effects of stressors on the immune system.
Dr. Kim is a psychologist who uses a number of tests to measure a person's cognitive, perceptual, and motor performance to detect brain damage. Dr. Kim is probably a specialist in using a. neuropsychological assessment.
Dr. Lo asks Julie to pretend that he is her father as part of his psychosocial assessment of Julie. Which of the following would this be an example of? b. an analogue situation
Ed has suffered a head injury in a car accident. He is referred to a psychologist to see what types of impairment now exist and to get some suggestions for treatment. The best assessment strategy would be neuropsychological tests.
Which of the following is an example of a symptom? The client reported hearing voices.
Which of the following is a drawback of a structured interview? c. They may include questions about areas that are of no concern to the patient.
"Combat exhaustion" is known as ________ today. a. acute stress disorder
Which of the following statements about reliability and validity is true? Valid tests are usually reliable.
The field of psychoneuroimmunology examines the effects of stressors on the immune system.
The stress glucocorticoid that is produced in humans is called c. cortisol
Dr. Lo asks Julie to pretend that he is her father as part of his psychosocial assessment of Julie. Which of the following would this be an example of? b. an analogue situation
Acute stress disorder becomes PTSD when c. the symptoms last for more than 4 weeks.
Which of the following is an example of a symptom? The client reported hearing voices.
A clinical research subject is given a beeper that produces a soft tone at unexpected intervals. This assessment tool, unlike clinical observations, allows for the measurement of c. thoughts and feelings in natural settings.
"Combat exhaustion" is known as ________ today. a. acute stress disorder
What role does the social context play in assessment? An evaluation of the environment in which the client lives is necessary in order to understand the demands she faces, as well as the supports that are present.
The stress glucocorticoid that is produced in humans is called c. cortisol
Acute stress disorder becomes PTSD when c. the symptoms last for more than 4 weeks.
A clinical research subject is given a beeper that produces a soft tone at unexpected intervals. This assessment tool, unlike clinical observations, allows for the measurement of c. thoughts and feelings in natural settings.
Which of the following is not considered a life change? Being diabetic
PTSD c. symptoms vary considerably depending on the characteristics of the trauma and the victim.
A significant drawback of the use of medication for PTSD is b. there is still some doubt about the extent of their effectiveness.
Which of the following best illustrates high reliability? Two interviewers diagnose the same disorder after talking to the same client.
What does it mean if Carol scores high on the Schizophrenia scale of the MMPI? d. Carol's answers were comparable to those given by a group of schizophrenics.
Which of the following is not considered a life change? Being diabetic
Why are airplane crashes typically more traumatic for those involved than natural disasters? The victims are likely to be far from home.
Joanne says that she cannot say "no" to her intrusive mother. Her therapist has her pretend to engage in such an interaction to assess how weak Joanne's assertiveness skills really are. This illustrates the use of role-playing.
What does it mean if Carol scores high on the Schizophrenia scale of the MMPI? d. Carol's answers were comparable to those given by a group of schizophrenics.
An individual with a high stress tolerance a. can function well in the face of a high level of stress.
Why are airplane crashes typically more traumatic for those involved than natural disasters? The victims are likely to be far from home.
The term "crisis" refers to a. any time when a stressful situation exceeds one's ability to cope.
An individual with a high stress tolerance a. can function well in the face of a high level of stress.
The term "crisis" refers to a. any time when a stressful situation exceeds one's ability to cope.
Which of the following statements regarding assessment is true? c. An adequate assessment should include as much information as possible.
Despite all the criticisms of the use of life stress scales, a. the finding that life change produces stress has been supported by other work.
Shanna goes to Dr. Henderson for a first interview. He diagnosis her with a depressive disorder. She then goes to Dr. Smithson, because her friend recommended her. Dr. Smithson diagnoses Shanna with an anxiety disorder. This demonstrates a problem with c. reliability.
The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) has been used to assess all of the following EXCEPT The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) has been used to assess all of the following EXCEPT
The pituitary gland releases hormones that regulate many bodily functions.
What is risk factor? A variable that increases the risk of a specific negative outcome
All of the following statements are true EXCEPT a. the response an individual will have to a stressor can be readily predicted.
According to research on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, there is a positive correlation between life change unit scores and the likelihood of developing a serious illness.
During an assessment interview, Dr. Poole noted that Jane's boss at work was harassing her. On which of the five axes of the DSM would this information be noted? c. Axis IV
Despite the many barriers to effectively researching the effectiveness of disaster responses, it has been found that c. cognitive therapy reduces the PTSD symptoms of the majority of those who are treated.
Which of the following is an objective test? MMPI-2
PTSD may develop in the recovery stage of the "disaster syndrome."
Why was MMPI-2 needed? Original MMPI created over 50 years ago
Mike is going to try to look mentally ill. He takes MMPI-2. He most likely will a. Be caught by specialized scales on the test
psychological assessment refers to procedures used to summarize a clients problem
which is true about assessment and professional orientation focus of assessment will be largely determined by professional orientation of clinician
what was unique about esteban? assessment was done in both english and spanish
what is one problem with actuarial data? profiles of many subjects do not fit profile types for which actuarial data are available
Five hour battery of tests that includes listening to rhythmic beats presented by tape recorder and putting different shaped blocks into grooves while blindfolded? Halstead-Reitan battery
True statement about Rorschach? a. Considerable amount of training is required to administer and score it correctly
Pretend that doctor is father as part of a psychosocial assessment a. Analogue studies (staged role-playing)
Not one of three basic categories of stressors? Challenges
Pituitary gland Releases hormones that regulate many bodily functions
During resistance stage of personality decompensation Coping mechanisms are permitting one to function, but signs of the stress may begin to be apparent
Psychoneuroimmunology refers to examining effects of stressors on the immune system
The fight or flight response Involves activation of the sympathetic nervous system
Symptoms are to signs as ______ is to _______ Subjective; objective
True statement about assessment An adequate assessment should include as much info as possible to allow the clinician to determine how the individual is functioning now and to predict how she will respond to various forms of treatment
_______ involves achieving a stable state by changing a. Allostasis
Beneficial features are ability to map ongoing pysc activities of the brain without injecting radioactive substances into patient’s body. fMRI
Short term crisis therapy a. Begins with assumption that affected individual was functioning well before current crisis.
Projective test that has been adapted for computer interpretation? Rorschach
Dr. Hunter is studying depression. Any subject who continues to feel hopeless and sad for more than 3 weeks after a loss will be considered depressed. He is using… dimensional
Which would be used to reveal “dysrhythmia” in brain activity? a. EEG
What is not a reason to use rating scales in clinical observation and self-reports? Decrease objectivity
Limitation of MMPI-2 a. Requires an individual to be literate
When would a clinician most likely use self-monitoring? a. To find out what situations are likely to illicit problematic behaviors
Whenever you fill a need to drink, indicate what you were thinking, where you were, who you were with, and whether you had the drink. a. Self-monitoring
Not an example of defense-oriented coping… Finding a workable compromise
When POWs first return Their relief and joy at being released often masks the trauma’s effects
PTSD May develop in recovery stage of disaster syndrome
Why is divorce still a potent stressor? New problems and challenges usually emerge following a divorce
Which demonstrate reliability? When an IQ test is administered to same person repeatedly, and results do not differ
Example of task-oriented coping? Leaving a cheating spouse
Disorders that begin by adolescence or early adulthood, persist for long periods of time and affect many areas of a person’s life are listed on Axis II
“Combat Exhaustion” is known as _______ today. *PTSD; acute stress disorder
Damage to the pituitary gland would most likely lead to Hormonal imbalances
New perceptions and experiences tend to be worked into our existing schemas, even if the new information must be distorted to fit them. This process is… Assimilation
Tracy and Kevin are both 3 months old. Tracy is highly active, easily irritated, and cries easily. Kevin is quiet, adapts easily to change, and seems fearless. These differences illustrate Differences in temperament
Why is classification a necessary first step in developing an understanding about abnormal behavior? Communication about abnormal behavior can not be effective unless what is begin discussed is clear
Research by Exner and others has show than the Rorshach Can be scored by computer, thereby increasing its reliability
Dr. White is doing research in which she must diagnose clients at a mental health clinic. Because diagnostic reliability is of great concern in research, she will most likely establish diagnoses by using Standardized structured interviews
Projective and objective are two types of _____________ tests Personality
The MMPI is A structure approach to personality assessment
Which approach to classification of abnormal behavior uses statistical criteria to differentiate between normal and abnormal? Dimensional
A valid test a. Measures what it is supposed to measure
Dr. Kim is a psychologist who uses a number of tests to measure a person’s cognitive, perceptual, and motor performance to detect brain damage. She is using Neuropsychosocial assessment
48. Two general categories of psychological tests used are Personality and intelligence
Lifelong conditions are typically found on a. Axis II
50. False statement about brain dysfunction and psychiatric disorders Identifiable brain damage is often the cause of psychiatric disorders
A clinical research subject is given a beeper that produces a soft tone at unexpected intervals. This assessment tool measures Thoughts and feelings in natural settings
When psychologists say that a person shows resilience it means The person can successfully adapt and survive in threatening circumstances
Normal human cells have Twenty-two autosomal chromosome pairs and one pair of sex chromosomes
Which of the following is an unstructured approach to studying personality? The TAT
Which of the following is an example of a symptom? The client reported hearing voices
Which of the following would best address recent criticism of the TAT? a. Use more modern pictures
57. Dr. Smith believes that a decrease in frontal lobe function underlies cognitive deficits seen in schizophrenia. He has hypothesized that effective drug therapy serves to selectively increase metabolic activity in this part of the brain. Positron emission tomography (PET) scans
58. Which of the following is most commonly used in research, as opposed to as a tool for clinical diagnosis? a. *fMRI; EEG; CAT scan, PET scan
59. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) has been used to assess all of the following except Intelligence
All of the following are physical conditions that may produce behavioral symptoms that mimic psychological conditions except a. Somatoform disorders
Which of the following statements about reliability and validity is true? a. Valid tests are usually reliable
Which of the following most accurately describes notion of different viewpoints of abnormal behavior? Each viewpoint offers its own explanation of abnormal behavior
If a psychological test is standardized it means the clinician can Compare the individual’s responses to those of other comparable people
A psychosocial assessment typically begins with An interview
65. Cognitive-behavioral psychologists believe that abnormal behavior Results from distorted thinking and information processing
Which of the following is not a culture-bound syndrome? Hoopa
In which of the following circumstances would a psychosocial assessment clearly need to be used Ever since the divorce, James has been sleeping less and less
Dr. Spock, a psychiatrist, takes a biopsychosocial viewpoint of psychopathology. Which of the following treatments is he most likely to suggest for Julia’s current state of depression? A combination of psychological therapy and antidepressant drugs
Jane has been diagnosed with shizotypal personality disorder. Jane’s distorted view of the world, however, does not prevent her from working and living a relatively normal life. Which of the following terms best describes Jane’s condition? Chronic
The disorders first recognized as having biological bases are best characterized as disorders that Involved significant damage to brain tissue
While the DSM is designed to be a categorical classification scheme, The existing criteria tend to lead to a prototypal approach
Why is classification necessary first step in developing an understanding about abnormal behavior? Communication cannot be effective unless what is being discussed is clear
The Thematic Apperception Test has been used to assess all except Intelligence
Which is a drawback of a structured interview They may include questions about areas that are of no concern to the patient
On limitation of the MMPI-2 is that it Requires the patient to be literate
The empirical keying approach to making a test like the MMPI involves a. Picking items that differentiate b/w different groups, no subjective judgment is needed
Which is not a criticism of projective tests? Client responses are limited
During an assessment interview, Dr. Poole noted that Jane’s boss at work was harassing her… Axis IV
Computers are excellent devices for storing info on large numbers of people’s characteristics and test score patterns… Actuarial procedures
What would determine whether the WISC-III or the WAIS-III is used to test intelligence? The age of the client
Which is a projective testing method that has been adapted for computer interpretation? Rorschach
One advantage of the MRI over the CAT scan is that the MRI Provides better differentiation and clarity
A valid test Measures what it is designed to measure
Which statement regarding assessment is true? Should include as much info as possible to allow clinician to determine how individual is functioning now, and to predict how she will respond to various forms of treatment
MMPI-2 Computer based report with Esteban was typical of such reports b/c a. The report provided diagnostic and treatment considerations
Neuropsychological tests Use the measurement of performance on perceptual-motor tasks to give clues about impairment after brain injury
MMPI is a. Structured approach to personality assessment
Stress-inoculation training Involves learning new ways to think about an anticipated threat, and then applying these techniques to several different types of threats
The incidence of combat exhaustion during WWII has been underestimated b/c a. Many men were treated in the field and never formally diagnosed
20. “Crisis” refers to Any time when a stressful situation exceeds one’s ability to cope
Which of the following will lower a soldier’s risk of developing PTSD? a. Believing strongly in the goals of the combat
As election approaches, public has come to accept that they will be selecting the lesser of two evils.. Double-avoidance
Significant drawback of the use of medication for PTSD is It can actually serve as a reinforce for one of the major symptoms of PTSD bc it can allow a person to avoid the feelings associated with the trauma
Which would likely be a source of eustress Graduating from highschool
Ego-defense mechanisms Become problematic when they are used excessively
Which is a criticism of life event scales? Peoples’ moods can have an impact on their ratings of stress
Which would be expected during first phase of personality decompensation? Julia struggled to control her emotions
Which is true about assessment and professional orientation? Focus of assessment will be largely determined by professional orientation
29. Research by Exner and other shown that Rorschach Can be scored by computer, thereby increasing its reliability
Projective and objective are two types of ______ tests Personality
Which axes are rarely used in most clinical settings? Axes IV and V
Which is an assumption of categorical approach a. Each disorder has unique symptoms
Combat exhaustion is known as _____ today Acute stress disorder
Research on those who experienced accident at 3 Mile Island has demonstrated that a. Physical indices of high stress may be present for an extended period of time following a trauma
Psychological assessment refers to the a. Procedures used to summarize a client’s problem
What is difference b/w a stressor and a crisis? While all crises are stressors, not all stressors are crises
Since it was first published, the DSM has Become more objective
Who is likely to have the most severe stress? Josh, who has just been told he has cancer and whose wife announces she is leaving him when he tells her the news
The aim of a projective test is to assess the way a patient perceives ambiguous stimuli.
If a diagnosis is made by comparing subjects to a "model" of an illness, which type of classification scheme is being used? c. Prototypical
In what way do the responses of soldiers who were most physically wounded differ from the non- wounded in developing combat stress? The wounded showed less anxiety.
Which of the following best illustrates high reliability? Two interviewers diagnose the same disorder after talking to the same client.
A clinical research subject is given a beeper that produces a soft tone at unexpected intervals. This assessment tool, unlike clinical observations, allows for the measurement of c. thoughts and feelings in natural settings.
Which of the following statements about combat and PTSD is true? A wound may act to decrease the anxiety experienced while in combat.
The need for rapport between a clinician and a client means the client must feel comfortable with the clinician and the assessment.
"Combat exhaustion" is known as ________ today. acute stress disorder
Which of the following would best address recent criticisms of the TAT? c. Use more modern pictures
In the final phase of stress-inoculation training newly acquired coping skills are applied.
Why is classification a necessary first step in developing an understanding about abnormal behavior? Communication about abnormal behavior cannot be effective unless what is being discussed is clear.
Arielle was in a terrible car accident where several people were killed. A few weeks later, she has begun to talk about what happened. She tells the story to anyone who will listen. This seems to be a. a way to reduce anxiety and desensitize herself to the experience.
For which of the following would the use of stress-inoculation training be most effective? a. Preparing for chemotherapy
Psychoneuroimmunology is b. the interaction between the nervous system and the immune system.
A risk factor is something in a person's history that makes him or her more vulnerable to stress.
A clinical psychologist notes that a client wears his clothes inside out, that his hair is matted, and there is dirt under his fingernails. This information is known as a. clinical observation.
Shanna goes to Dr. Henderson for a first interview. He diagnosis her with a depressive disorder. She then goes to Dr. Smithson, because her friend recommended her. Dr. Smithson diagnoses Shanna with an anxiety disorder. This demonstrates a problem with c. reliability.
Which of the following is considered to be the most reliable life event approach? a. The Life Event and Difficulty Schedule
Short-term crisis therapy c. begins with the assumption that the affected individual was functioning well before the current crisis.
Todd and his siblings have parents who are physically abusive to each other. When they fight, they expect Todd to stay quiet and keep the other children under control. They allow the other children to cry and hide, a. a genotype-environment correlation.
If fraternal (or dizygotic) twins are more likely to be concordant for a trait than other siblings, can it be concluded that the higher concordance rate is due to the greater degree of genetic relatedness? No, because fraternal twins are no more genetically alike than other siblings.
The DSM acknowledges that a DSM diagnosis is only the first step, much more is needed to determine treatment.
While neurological assessment procedures evaluate the brain's physical properties, neuropsychological assessment focuses on c. client performance.
Suppose that, using linkage analysis, a researcher finds that family members with a high likelihood of developing depression also are very likely to be of below average height. This would mean b. the gene for depression is probably located near the gene for height.
Making a new experience fit existing frameworks is associated with ________; changing our existing frameworks to incorporate a new experience is associated with ________. assimilation; accommodation
Which of the following best illustrates high reliability? b. Two interviewers diagnose the same disorder after talking to the same client.
Alicia developed a fear of spiders after being bitten by one. However, she has no problems looking at pictures of spiders. This is an example of a. discrimination.
Which of the following most accurately describes the notion of different viewpoints of abnormal behavior? Each viewpoint offers its own explanation of abnormal behavior.
Which of the following psychodynamic elements of the personality can be described as impulsive and selfish? Id
Danielle is having problems with drinking. She goes to a psychologist who gives her a form to fill out. It has a list of statements about drinking and problems associated with drinking. She is to rate each item between 1 and 3 a. a rating scale.
The DSM acknowledges that a DSM diagnosis is only the first step, much more is needed to determine treatment.
Having a history of psychological problems before going into combat c. sometimes increases risk of PTSD, but may lower it because the person is actually used to anxiety and copes automatically.
Which of the following is not considered a life change? Being diabetic
Does this "it could it have been worse" sentiment moderate the effects of this natural disaster? c. Yes, finding a "benefit" such as this has been shown to aid in adapting to such stressors.
Which of the following statements about combat and PTSD is true? A wound may act to decrease the anxiety experienced while in combat.
In what way do the responses of soldiers who were most physically wounded differ from the non- wounded in developing combat stress? The wounded showed less anxiety.
Research by Exner and others has shown that the Rorschach c. can be scored by computer, thereby increasing its reliability.
Which of the following demonstrates reliability? d. When an IQ test is administered to the same person repeatedly, the results do not differ.
Which of the following is a type of test that tries to find ways in which a person's personality and past experiences cause them to understand and perceive their world? Projective tests
Why is there such a high likelihood of long-lasting psychological problems resulting from active combat experiences? c. Combat situations present highly stressful situations for which there may be no truly effective coping mechanisms.
A significant drawback of the use of medication for PTSD is there is still some doubt about the extent of their effectiveness.
Which of the following statements regarding assessment is true? c. An adequate assessment should include as much information as possible.
The development of new methods of coping a. may be an outcome of a crisis.
Which of the following would be an example of a projective technique? A child is asked to draw her family.
Which is not a stressor linked to immunosuppression, according to the text? a. Vacation
Coping strategies are a. efforts to deal with stress.
Which of the following best explains why the the Rorschach is less likely to be used today? Treatment facilities often require other types of information than the Rorschach provides and insurance companies do not pay for it.
Cognitive factors can create stress.
Which of the following is a criticism of the life event scales? They limit the kind of events that can be reported.
Psychoneuroimmunology is the interaction between the nervous system and the immune system.
A significant challenge for hot line workers is a. they usually never learn if the caller has been helped.
What do eustress and distress have in common? Both tax one's resources and coping skills.
Cortisol c. prepares the body for fight or flight.
Which of the following is a true statement about assessment and professional orientation? The focus of the assessment will be largely determined by the professional orientation of the clinician.
In order to be considered a severe stressor, the stressor must c. cause significant disruption to a person's functioning.
Who is most likely to get a cold? c. Those with negative events and a highly diverse social network
Selye a. recognized that both happy and sad life events can be sources of stress.
What was not a result of the psychological stress following being a prisoner of war? b. More diabetes
Which of the following is a drawback of a structured interview? c. They may include questions about areas that are of no concern to the patient.
Who is likely to have the most severe stress? Josh, who has just been told he has cancer and whose wife announces she is leaving him when he tells her the news
During WWII the descriptors of the traumatic reactions seen to combat conditions placed too much emphasis on physical exhaustion.
For which of the following would the use of stress-inoculation training be most effective? a. Preparing for chemotherapy
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale c. is an imperfect means of quantifying the level of stress experience over a period of time.
I often find that when I am ill, I am not able to cope effectively with the normal hassles of life. I find myself becoming irritated by things that I would usually be able to ignore. Which of the following would explain this phenomenon? a. When using resources to deal with one stressor, the ability to tolerate additional stressors may be compromised.
Which of the following is an unstructured approach to studying personality? the TAT
During an assessment interview, Dr. Poole noted that Jane's boss at work was harassing her. On which of the five axes of the DSM would this information be noted? c. Axis IV
Which of the following makes it possible to see all but the most minute abnormalities of brain structure? c. MRI
All of the following are parts of the stress response EXCEPT the cerebellum
Under what circumstances is a structured interview most likely to be used? a. When consistent information is needed for research purposes
Who is likely to have the most severe stress? Josh, who has just been told he has cancer and whose wife announces she is leaving him when he tells her the news
The aim of a projective test is to b. assess the way a patient perceives ambiguous stimuli.
If a diagnosis is made by comparing subjects to a "model" of an illness, which type of classification scheme is being used? c. Prototypical
In what way do the responses of soldiers who were most physically wounded differ from the non- wounded in developing combat stress? The wounded showed less anxiety.
Which of the following best illustrates high reliability? Two interviewers diagnose the same disorder after talking to the same client.
A clinical research subject is given a beeper that produces a soft tone at unexpected intervals. This assessment tool, unlike clinical observations, allows for the measurement of c. thoughts and feelings in natural settings.
Which of the following statements about combat and PTSD is true? A wound may act to decrease the anxiety experienced while in combat.
The need for rapport between a clinician and a client means the client must feel comfortable with the clinician and the assessment.
"Combat exhaustion" is known as ________ today. acute stress disorder
Which of the following would best address recent criticisms of the TAT? c. Use more modern pictures
In the final phase of stress-inoculation training b. newly acquired coping skills are applied.
Why is classification a necessary first step in developing an understanding about abnormal behavior? Communication about abnormal behavior cannot be effective unless what is being discussed is clear.
Arielle was in a terrible car accident where several people were killed. A few weeks later, she has begun to talk about what happened. She tells the story to anyone who will listen. This seems to be a. a way to reduce anxiety and desensitize herself to the experience.
For which of the following would the use of stress-inoculation training be most effective? a. Preparing for chemotherapy
Psychoneuroimmunology is the interaction between the nervous system and the immune system.
A risk factor is something in a person's history that makes him or her more vulnerable to stress.
A clinical psychologist notes that a client wears his clothes inside out, that his hair is matted, and there is dirt under his fingernails. This information is known as a. clinical observation.
Shanna goes to Dr. Henderson for a first interview. He diagnosis her with a depressive disorder. She then goes to Dr. Smithson, because her friend recommended her. Dr. Smithson diagnoses Shanna with an anxiety disorder. This demonstrates a problem with c. reliability.
Which of the following is considered to be the most reliable life event approach? a. The Life Event and Difficulty Schedule
Short-term crisis therapy c. begins with the assumption that the affected individual was functioning well before the current crisis.
Which of the following is a drawback of a structured interview? c. They may include questions about areas that are of no concern to the patient.
Children from lower-SES families are less likely to show ill effects of SES status if they possess a high IQ and develop healthy attachments to adults and peers.
Which of the following is an objective test? MMPI-2
Damage to the pituitary would most likely lead to a. a hormonal imbalance.
The text presented the case of Esteban, a twenty-one-year-old student from Colombia. Some psychologists believe that the Rorschach Inkblot Test is particularly appropriate for cases like Esteban's because the Rorschach a. is not culture bound.
A psychosocial assessment typically begins with an interview.
Normally, the enzyme monoamine oxidase is involved in the breaking down of some neurotransmitters. This process is called deactivation.
In order to develop chicken pox, one must be exposed to the virus that causes chicken pox. Note, however, that not everyone who is exposed to the virus is affected. In other words, the virus is a necessary cause.
Which of the following would be used to reveal a dysrhythmia in brain activity? EEG
Dr. Simon, a psychiatrist, takes a biopsychosocial viewpoint of psychopathology. Which of the following treatments is he most likely to suggest for Julia's current state of depression? c. A combination of psychological therapy and antidepressant drugs
***which of the following will lessen the impact of a stressful situation?*** preparing for the stressor
which of the following is a drawback of a structured interview? they may include questions about areas that are of no concern to the patient
according to the the text, the term "stress" will be used to refer to the effects of external stressors
psychological assessment refers to the procedures used to summarize a client's problem
which of the following is a type of test that tries to find ways in which a person's personality and past experiences cause them to understand and perceive their world? projective tests
which of the following statements regarding assessment is true? an adequate assessment should include as much information as possible
what is the difference between a stressor and a crisis? while all crises are stressors, not all stressors are crises
for which of the following would the use of stress-inoculation training be most effective? preparing for chemotherapy
the term "crisis" refers to any time when a stressful situation exceeds one's ability to cope
stress-inoculation training is a form of cognitive preparation that can be used to minimize the impact of an anticipated threat
b-cells are cells that produce antibodies
the reliability of the assessment interview may be enhanced by the use of rating scales
a risk factor is something in a person's history that makes him or her more vulnerable to stress
which of the following is NOT a criticism of projective tests? client responses are limited
having a history of psychological problems before going into combat sometimes increases risk of PTSD, but may lower it because the person is actually used to anxiety and copes automatically
several clinicians look at the TAT results of a hospitalized patient... scoring and interpretation is very subjective
under what circumstances is a structured interview most likely to be used? when consistent information is needed for research purposes
which of the following is an example of a symptom? the client reported hearing voices
the empirical keying approach to making a test like the MMPI involves picking items that differentiate between different groups, no subjective judgment is needed
which of the following is an unstructured approach to studying personality? the TAT
which of the following makes it possible to see all but the most minute abnormalities of brain structure? MRI
which of the following is NOT a factor to keep in mind when evaluating test results? the theoretical orientation of the clinician
research by Exner and others has shown that the Rorschach can be scored by computer, thereby increasing its reliability
since it was first published, the DSM has become more objective
a behaviorally oriented clinician tells her alcohol dependent client to keep a checklist of drinking habits. what procedure is the clinician using? self-monitoring
which cytokine has been associated with depression and caring for family members with alzheimer's disease? interleukin-6
which of the following is not considered a life change? being diabetic
after the northridge earthquake, during which part of a heavily traveled freeway collapsed, many people noted that it was lucky there were few people on the road. does this "it could have been worse" sentiment moderate the effects of the disaster? yes, finding a "benefit" such as this has been shown to aid in adapting to such stressors
the text presented the case of esteban, a 21 yr old student. some psychologists believe that the rorschach inkblot test is particularly appropriate for cases like his because the rorschach is not culture bound
intelligence and personality tests can be best described as indirect means of assessing psychological characteristics
during an assessment interview dr. poole noted that jane's boss was harassing her. on which of the 5 axes of the DSM would this information be noted? axis IV
which is not an individual risk factor for developing PTSD? believing that their symptoms are a sign of personal strength
the pituitary gland releases hormones that regulate many bodily functions
a valid test measures what it is designed to measure
who is likely to have the most severe stress? josh, who has just been told he has cancer and whose wife announces she is leaving him when he tells her the news.
feelings of control over stressors can make a difference even for victims of torture - if the person feels he or she has some control, he or she tends to be less affected by the stressor over the long term.
in DSM-IV-TR, psychosocial stressors are specified on axis IV
the social readjustment rating scale is an imperfect means of quantifying the level of stress experienced over a period of time
in the final phase of stress-inoculation training newly acquired coping skills are applied
selye recognized that both happy and sad life events can be sources of stress
Created by: julielava on 2011-09-06



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