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Bones Oste/o, Oss/i, Osse/o
Muscles Muscul/o, My/o, Myos/o
Joints/Articulations Athr/o, Articul/o
Ligaments Ligament/o, Syndesm/o
Tendons Tendin/o, Tend/o, Ten/o
Fascia Fasci/o
Cartilage Cartiag/o, Chondr/o
Shapes of Human Bones Long Bones Short Bones Flat Bones Irregular Bones Sesamoid Bones
Bone Structure Osteocytes (mature bone cells) Matrix (material between cells) Osteoblasts (cells that build bone) Osteoclasts (Cells that breakdown bones to transform them as needed) Compact Bone (Osteocytes and Matrix) -Cancellous(Spongy)Bone -Medullary Cavity
Long Bones Diaphysis (long shaft) Epiphysis (end of the bone) Epiphyseal plate (area where bone growth takes place) Metaphysis (epiphysis and epiphyseal plate)
Bone Depressions (groove or opening) Fissure (fissur/o)deep cleft/groove Foramen (pl.foramina) (foramin/o)opening or hole Fossa (pl. fossae) (foss/o)hollow depression Sinus sinus/o, sin/o)cavity lined membrane Sulcus (pl. sulci) (sulc/o) groove or depression not deep
Bone Processes (raised or projected areas) Condyle rounded projection-end of bone Crest elongated elevation Epicondyle projection on the surface of bone Head rounded portion on bones Spine thorn-like projection Trochanter bony projections on femurs Tubercle nodule Tuberosity larger than a n
Axial Skeleton Skull Rib cage Vertebrae
Skull Cranium (crani/o) -Frontal bone anterior and forehead -Parietal bone sides -Occipital bone back of skull -Temporal bone lower two sides of cranium -Ethmoid bone roof and walls of nasal cavity -Sphenoid bone anterior the temporal and basilar of occi
Rib Cage True ribs False ribs Floating ribs Sternum (stern/o)
Vertebrae Spinous process(spin/o) Lamina(lamin/o) Vertebral body Transverse process
Spine: 26 Vertebrae Cervical C1-C7 (cervic/o) Thoracic T1-T12 (thorac/o) Lumbar L1-L5 (lumb/o) Sacral S1-S5 (sacr/o) Coccygeal (coccyg/o)
Appendicular Skeleton Upper -shoulder girdle -Arms Lower -Pelvic girdle -Legs
Upper Appendicular Bones Scapula(scapul/o)shoulder blades Clavicle (clavicul/o, cleid/o)collar bone Humerus(humer/o)upper arm bone Radius lower lateral arm bone ulna lower medial arm bone Carpal(carp/o)wrist bones Metacarpals (metacarp/o)5 bones Phalanges (phalang/o)14 bon
Lower Appendicular Skeleton Pelvis (pelv/i, pelv/o) -Ilium (ili/o) -Ischium (ischi/o) -Pubis (pub/o) Leg -Femur (femor/o) -Patella (patell/o, patell/a) -Tibia (tibi/o) -Fibula (fibul/o, perone/o) -Tarsal (tars/o) -Metatarsal (metatars/o) -Phalanges (phalang/o)
Joints/Articulations Range of Motion (ROM) -Synarthoses -Amphiarthroses -Diarthroses (synovial) -Bursa (pl. bursae) -Meniscus (pl. menisci)
Muscles Types -Skeletal -Smooth -Heart -Antagonistic muscles -Flexor/extensor muscles -Synergistic muscles
Tendons Origin Insertion
Muscle Action Extension Flexion Adduction Abduction Supination Pronation Dorsiflexion Plantar flexion Eversion Inversion Rotation Circumduction Protraction Retraction
Terms Related to Congenital Conditions Achondroplasia Muscular dystrophy Polydactyly Syndactyly Spina bifida occulta Talipes Torticollis
Terms Related to Bone Disease Osteodynia Osteitis deformans Osteomalacia -Rickets Osteomyelitis Osteoporosis -Osteopenia
Terms Related to Cartilage Disorders Chondromalacia Costochondritis
Terms Related to Joint Disease Bunion Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) Temporomandibular joint disorder(TMJ)- Gnathalgia Osteoarthritis (OA) - Degenerative joint disease (DJD) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Arthrosis Baker cyst Bursitis Crepitus Osteophytosis Tendinitis
Terms Related to Spinal Disorders Back pain -Dorsalgia -Lumbago Malcurvatures of the spine -Scoliosis -Lordosis -Kyphosis Ankylosing spondylitis Herniated intervertebral disk Spondylolisthesis Spinal stenosis Spondylosis
Terms Related to Muscle Disorders Contracture Fibromyalgia Myasthenia gravis Plantar fasciitis Polymyositis Postlaminectomy syndrome Rhabdomyolysis
Terms Related to Trauma Fractures -Closed/open -Pathologic -Comminuted -Compression -Colles -Complicated Fractures -Impacted -Hairline -Greenstick -Salter-Harris
Terms Related to Other Trauma Sprain Strain Dislocation Subluxation Compartment syndrome
Terms Related to Benign Neoplasms Exostosis Osteoma Chondroma Leiomyoma Rhabdomyoma
Terms Related to Malignant Neoplasms Osteosarcoma -Ewing sarcoma Chondrosarcoma Leiomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma
Terms Related to Imaging Arthrography Arthroscopy Computed tomography (CT) scan DEXA scan Electromyography (EMG) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Myelogram Range of motion (ROM) testing X-ray (radiograph)
Terms Related to Other Diagnostic Tests Phalen test Rheumatoid factor (RF) test Serum calcium (Ca)
Terms Related to Setting Fractures Malunion and nonunion Sequestrum Debridement Fixation -Internal -External Reduction -Open -Closed
Terms Related to Therapeutic Interventions Amputation Prosthesis Bunionectomy Osteoclasis Osteoplasty Traction Kyphoplasty Laminectomy Spondylosyndesis Arthrocentesis Arthrodesis Arthroplasty Meniscectomy Syndesmoplasty Tenomyoplasty Total hip replacement (THR) Total knee replaceme
Pharmacology Analgesics Antiinflammatories Antirheumatics Bisphosphonates Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDS) Muscle relaxants
Musculoskeletal Muscle = Muscul/o Skeletal = Skelet/o
Fascia Tough fibrous covering of the muscles and some nerves and blood vessels
Articular Cartilage Covers the ends of many bones and serves a protective function.
Hematopoiesis storage of minerals and continual formation of blood in bone marrow
Rheumatalogy deals with disorders of connective tissues,including bone and cartilage.
Physiatry concerns diagnosis and treatment of disease or injury with the use of physical agents.
Bone Marrow Produces all of the blood cells needed by the body
Created by: 636510173