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Chapter Three Vocab

Joint-stock company Join-stock companies were backed by investors, people who put money into a project to earn profits.
Charter Was a written contract, issued by a government, giving the holder the right to establish a colony.
Jamestown The first permanent English settlement, named in honor of King James.
John Smith A solider and adventurer took control, to make sure the colonists worked, he annouced, "He that will not work shall not eat."
Indentured servant Those who could not afford passage to America, sold their labor to the person who paid their passage to the colony.
House of Burgesses Created in 1619, became the first representative asse,bly in the American colonies.
Bacon's Rebellion Bacon demanded that Berkeley approve a war against Native Amercians to seize their lang for tobacco planations. Covernor Berkeley's refusal of Bacon's demand, sparked this rebellion in 1679.
Pilgrims Were a Separatist group, that King James attacked them for rejecting England's offical chruch.
Mayflower Compact. The men aboard the Mayflower signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compant. In it, they vowed to obey laws agreed upon for the good of the colony.
Puritans Unlike the Separatists, who wanted to break away from the Church of England, the Puritans wanted to reform, or "purify", its pratices.
Great Migration Many thousands of Puritans left their homeland to found new settlements around the world.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The Fundamental Orders extended voting rights to non-church memebers and limited the power of the governor.
Roger Williams Roger Williams was a minister in Salem, Massachusetts, who founded the first Baptist church in America.
Anne Hutchinson Anne believed that a person could worship God without the help of a church, minister, or Bible.
King Phillip's War In 1675-1676, the Puritan colonies fought a brutal war with the Native Americans.
Peter Stuyvesant The new governor of New Amsterdam.
Patroon A patroon was a person who brought 50 setlers to New Netherland. As a reward, a patroon received a large land grant.
Duke of York England's King Charles the Second decided that his brother, the Duke of York, should drive the Dutch out of New Netherland.
Proprietary colony The Duke of York was now he proprietor, or owner of this Colony.
William Penn Another large landowner in America.
Quaker A person who believed all people should live in peace and harmony; accepted different religions and ethnic groups.
Royal Colony A colony ruled by governors appointed by a king.
James Oglethorpe Founded Georgia as a refuge for debtors.
Created by: f0302224