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MMT Ch 11

Medical Terminology Respiratory System WGU

ABG arterial blood gasses
adenocarcinoma malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
adenoidectomy surgical removal of the adenoids
adenoids pharyngeal tonsils, help protect against pathogens
alveoli tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood, thin-walled microscopic air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
aphonia loss of ability to produce sounds
apnea difficult or painful breathing, transient cessation of respiration
ARF acute respiratory failure
asthma respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
atelectasis collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants)
auscultation and percussion listening and tapping
bradypnea abnormally slow breathing
bronchi The passages that branch from the trachea and direct air into the lungs
bronchioectasis chronic dilation of a bronchus or the bronchi accompanies by a secondary infection that usu involves the lower part of the lung
bronchioles smallest branches of the bronchi
bronchiolitis inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles, (caused by RSV) Infection and inflammation of the smaller airways or bronchioles, results in wheezing from partial obstruction. Common in 6 mo - 2 years of age. Germs will survive longer than 6 hours o
bronchitis inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
bronchoplasty surgical repair of a bronchus
bronchoscopy the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
bronchospasm a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy
cannula small tube for insertion into a body cavity, duct, or vessel
carina where the trachea bifurcates
CF cystic fibrosis
Cheyne-stokes respiration deep, rapid breathing followed by a period of apnea
cilia continually move in wavelike motion to push mucus and debris out of the respiratory tract
clubbing abnormal widening and thickening of the ends of the fingers and toes associated with chronic oxygen deficiency
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
coryza common cold
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
croup acute viral infection of early childhood, marked by stridor, laryngeal, tracheal and bronchial spasms
CTA clear to auscultation
CWP coal workers' pneumoconiosis
CXR chest x-ray
cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen
deviated septum deflection of the septum that may obstruct nasal passages
diaphragm muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body
diphtheria acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae
dysphonia difficulty to make sounds
dyspnea difficult or painful breathing
emphysema disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult
endotracheal intubation tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway
epiglottis flap of cartilage at the opening to the larynx that closes access to the trachea during swallowing
epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis
epistaxis nosebleed
eupnea normal breathing
expire to breathe out
external respiration the process of exchanging O2 and CO2 between the external environment and the lungs.
FEB forced expirational volume
flail chest instability of the chest wall resulting from multiple rib fractures.
FRC forced residual capacity
friction sounds sounds made by dry surfaces rubbing together
FVC forced vital capacity
hemoptysis coughing up blood
hemothorax accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
HHN hand held nebulizer
hypercapnia excessive CO2 in the blood
hyperpnea extremely deep breathing
hyperventilation abnormally increased breathing
hypopnea extremely shallow breathing
hypoxemia deficient O2 in the blood
hypoxia deficient O2 in the tissues
IC Inspiratory capacity
influenza viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.
inspire to breathe in
intercostal muscles Muscles which move the rib cage during breathing
internal respiration the exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood
large cell carcinoma NSCLC originating in the lining of the smaller bronchi.
laryngectomy surgical removal of part or all of the larynx (usually to treat cancer of the larynx)
laryngitis inflammation of the voice box
laryngopharynx the part of the throat near the voice box
laryngoscopy visual examination of the voice box, visual inspection of the larynx with the aid of a laryngoscope
larynx voice box
LLL left lower lobe
lobes subdivisions of the lung, two on the left and three on the right
LUL left upper lobe
lung perfusion scan Nuclear medicine test that produces an image of blood flow to the lungs; used to detect pulmonary embolism
lung ventilation scan Test using Radiopharmaceuticals to produce a picture of how air is distributed in the lungs; measures the ability of the lung to take in air.
lung either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates
mantoux skin test a more accurate skin test for diagnosing tuberculosis
MDI metered dose inhaler
mediastinoscopy endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum
mediastinum the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
mesothelioma rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura; associated with asbestos exposure
mucous gland adenoma A benign tumor of the mucous glands of the respiratory system.
nares nostrils
nasal septum wall that separates the nares
nasopharynx the part of the throat behind the nasal cavity
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer
olfactation the sense of smell
oropharynx the part of the throat posterior to the oral cavity
orthopnea difficult breathing unless in an upright position
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
palatine tonsils lymphatic tissue near the oropharynx
papilloma a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
paranasal sinuses warm and filter the air and aid in the production of sound
parietal pleura pleura that lines the inner chest walls and covers the diaphragm
peak flow meter a handheld device often used to test those with asthma to measure how quickly the patient can expel air
pertussis whooping cough
PFT pulmonary function test
pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx; also known as a sore throat.
pharynx throat
pleura the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest, the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest
pleural effusion accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
pleurisy inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)
pleurodynia pain in the chest caused by the inflammation of the intercostal muscles
pneumoconiosis chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
pneumonia respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants, inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, or resul
pneumothorax air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
polyps Tumors that grow on stem, resembling mushrooms. Polyps bleed easily, and some have the tendency to become malignant
PPB positive pressure breathing
PPD purified protein derivative
pulmonary abscess a large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs
pulmonary edema fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli
pulmonary hamartoma benign pulmonary congenital tissue - fibromyxiod material
pulmonary resection excision of portion of lobe of lung or entire lung
pulmonology diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the repiratory tract
pulse oximetry a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip
pyothorax empyema
pyrexia fever
QFT quantiferon-TB gold test
RAD reactive airway disease
rales crackles, continuous bubbling noises
rebreathing mask has a soft plastic reservoir bag attached at the end that saves one-third of a person's exhaled air, while the rest of the air gets out via side ports covered with a one-way valve. This allows the person to "rebreathe" some of the carbon dioxide, which ac
rhinitis an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
rhinomycosis abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
rhinoplasty cosmetic surgery to improve the appearance of your nose
rhinorrhea nasal discharge
rhinosalpingitis Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eustachian tubes.
rhonchi abnormal sound caused by airways blocked by secretions or muscle contractions
RLL right lower lobe
RML right middle lobe
RSV respiratory syncytial virus
RUL right upper lobe
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
SCLC small cell lung cancer
septoplasty surgical repair of the nasal septum
singultus hiccup
sinusitis inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
sinusotomy incision of a sinus
SOB shortness of breath
spirometry measurement of breathing capacity
sputum mucus coughed up from lungs
squamous cell carcinoma Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules.
stethoscope a medical instrument for listening to the sounds generated inside the body
stridor high pitched inspiratory sound from larynx, sign of upper airway obstruction
surfactant An amphipathic molecule secreted by cells in the alveoli (type 2 alveolar cells) tha reducs surface tension on the inside of the alveolar walls. This prevents the alveoli from collapsing upon exhale and sticking together, thus reducing the effort required
sweat test Measurement of the amount of salt (sodium chloride) in sweat
tachypnea rapid, shallow breathing
thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
thoracodynia chest pain
thoracoscopy visual examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs
thoracotomy incision into the chest
TLC total lung capacity
tonsillectomy surgical removal of the palatine tonsils
trachea windpipe
tracheomalacia softening of tracheal tissue
tracheostomy creation of an opening in the trachea, most often to insert a tube
tracheotomy a surgical operation that creates an opening into the trachea with a tube inserted to provide a passage for air
tuberculosis infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
TV tidal volume
tympany low pitched resonant sound from chest
URI upper respirator infection
ventilator a device that facilitates breathing in cases of respiratory failure
venturi mask A face mask and reservoir bag device that delivers specific concentrations of oxygen by mixing oxygen with inhaled air.
visceral pleura pleura that covers the lungs
vocal cords vibrate to produce speech
wheezing whistling sound made during breathing
Created by: DRIOS2