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Special senses week3

QuestionAnswer
Hist/o tissue
Hypothalamus region of the brain lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary glad.
Homeostasis Tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment
Growth hormone (GH) somatotropin Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary glad (adenohypophysis): stimulates growth of bones and soft tissue.
Glucagon secreted by islet cells of the pancreases: increases blood sugar by conversion of glycogen
Adrenal Cortex Outer section (cortex) of each adrenal glad: secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones.
Adrenaline (Epinephrine) Secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure
Cortisol Secreted by the adrenal cortex; increases blood sugar. It is secreted in times of stress and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Epinephrine (adrenaline) Secreted by the adrenal medulla; increase heart rate and blood pressure and dilates airways (sympathomimetic) It's part of the body's "fight or flight" reaction
Estrogen Female hormone secreted by the ovaries and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex
Smoke plume smoke coming off of the bovie
Thyroid glands Located in the neck on either side of the trachea: secretes thyroxine
Testosterone Male hormone secreted by the testes
Testes Two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male; responsible for sperm production and testosterone secretion.
Steroid Complex substance related to fats; and of which many hormones are made.
Somatotropin (STH) Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohyphysis) growth hormone.
Sella Turcica Cavity in the skill that contains the pituitary gland
Progesterone Secreted by the ovaries; prepares the uterus for pregnency
Pituitary gland Located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica; composed of an anterior lobe (adenohypophysis) and a posterior lobe (neurohypophysis)
Parathyroid gland Four small glands on the posterior of thyroid gland. Some patients may have 3 or 5 parathyroid glands
Insulin Secreted by beta islet cells of the pancreas. Insulin lowers blood sugar to transport and conversion of glucose to glycogen (starch)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary glad (adenohypophysis) stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males
Ovaries Located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg production and estrogen and progesterone secretion
Oxytocin (OT) Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary glad (neurohpophysis) stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor and childbirth
Pancreas Located behind the stomach. Islet cells secrete hormones from the pancreas. The pancreas also contains cells that are exocrine in function. They secrete enzymes, via duct into the small intestine to aid digestion
Parathormone (PTH) Secreted byt the parathyroid glands; increases blood calcium
Created by: Lacey Craven Lacey Craven on 2011-08-17



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