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ALH 122 Chap 7

ALH 122 Chap 7 - Senders, SBC Portland

electrolyte molecules that carry an electical charge in the body
Na+ Sodium (an electrolyte)
K+ Potassium (an electrolyte)
Cl- Chloride (an electrolyte)
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
BILI bilirubin
edema water retention
diurectic substance that will increase urination (water loss)
cyst/o bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus (opening to the outside of the body)
nephr/o kidney, or nephron
pyel/o renal pelvis, the center of the kidney
ren/o renal, kidney
ureter/o ureter (tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder)
urethr/o urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body)
vesic/o bladder
kal/o potassium
natr/o sodium
lith/o stone
noct/o night
olig/o scanty, slight, few
py/o pus (don't confuse with pyel/o)
-tripsy to break apart, crush
lithotripsy to break up a stone
ur/o urine
enuresis wetting the bed
urin/o urine
-uria urine
dysuria painful urination
anuria kidney failure leads to anuria, inability to create urine ('no urine')
hematuria blood in the urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
uremia Urea (waste that the body disposes of via urine) in the blood. This would be a toxic sign of kidney failure.
oliguria voiding just small amounts of urine
cystitis bladder infection/inflammation
hyperkalemia excess potassium in the blood
hyponatremia low sodium levels in the blood
nephrolithiasis kidney stones
glomerulonephritis post-streptococcal infection where antibodies attack the kidneys.
pyelonephritis kidney infection
cystoscopy visualization of the bladder with a cystoscope
dialysis process of using a machine to filter waste from the blood when the kidneys fail
Created by: asenders