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Whole Body Term.

Chapter 4

A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiaion and reversion to a more primitive form anaplasia
plantar pertaining to sole or bottom of foot
Umbilicus The navel;also called the belly button
pertaining to the front;belly side ventral
lying horizontally on the back, faceup supine
histologist medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
any abnormal development of tissues or organs dysplasia
lateral Toward the side of the body, away from the midline.
Cervical Vertebrae C1-C7 make up bones of the neck
Pertaining to the front of the body, or toward the belly of the body anterior
Hyperplasia An increase in the number of cells of a body part ("excessive formation")
what are the 3 types of muscle tissue Smooth(Visceral), Skeletal, Cardiac
Inguinal region lower Right and left side next to Hypogastric region in the Abdominal regions
Mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
Coccyx 5th segment of vertebral column also known as the Tailbone.
Triangular Bone, 4th segment of spinal column Sacrum
L1-L5 Lumbar Vertebrae. Largest and Strongest Vertebrae in Spinal column
What does the Spinal Cavity contain? nerves of the spinal cord
What does the Pelvic Cavity contain? urinary bladder and reproductive organs.
What is the Abdominopelvic Cavity? space between diaphragm and groin
contains the brain Cranial Cavity
Frontward, toward the belly Ventral
separated from thoracic cavity by the diaphragm Abdominal Cavity
What organs does the abdominal cavity contain? liver,spleen,gallbladder,stomach,intestines,pancreas,& kidneys
Contains the lungs,heart,aorta,esophagus,and trachea Thoracic Cavity
The back or posterior dorsum,dorsal
Prone Lying face down on the abdomen
Supine Lying Face up on the back
Where is the Inguinal region? Lower left and right quadrants next to hyogastric region
the navel or the belly button Umbilicus
Histologist specialist in the study of tissues
What is the Peritoneum? Serous membrane that covers the entire ABDOMINAL wall of the body.
Transmits impulses throughout the body coordinating and controlling many functions of the body Nervous Tissue
Internal organs Visceral
Study of cells Cytology
Midsagittal divide the body right and left equally
Systems group of organs that perform functions
Mediolateral pertaining to the middle AND side of a structure
covers internal and external organs of the body Epethelial tissue
Cytoplasm gel-like substance containing the cell organs
Contain genes that transmit hereditary characteristics chromosomes
Towards the middle Medial
Below Inferior
Proximal close to point of attachment
Posterior Back
Front Anterior
out towards the side. Lateral
Distal Far from point of attachment
Divides body into front and back portions Frontal or Coronal
Above Superior/Cranial/Cephalic
Transverse plane Divides Top and bottom in half
Where is the epigastric region? center upper region betweent R&L Hypochondriac regions
Connective Tissue supports and binds other body tissue and parts
The cell's outer covering. Semipermeable. cell membrane
Nucleus Central controlling body within a living cell
New and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant. Neoplasia
Anatomical Position Standing with arms at sides and palms and feet turnd forward.
Hyperplasia increase in the # of cells of a body part "Excessive formation"
Any abnormal development of tissues or organs "disordered formation" dysplasia
Aplasia a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
Where is the Hypogastric region? Lower mid section directly below Umblical region.
Caudal pertaining to the tail
deep away from the surface and toward the inside of the body
Pertainng to the sole or bottom of the foot plantar
Where is the Umbilical region? Middle section of abdomen
Where is the Lumbar region? R&L Side Below Hypocondriac regions in middle section of abdominal regions.
Tissue Cells grouped together to perform specialized functions.
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the # of cells.
T1-T12 Thoracic vertebrae.Make up Vertebral bones of the chest.
Where is the Hypochondriac region? Top region R&L above lumbar regions.
superficial pertaining to the surface of the body or near the surface
cranial pertaining to the head
umbilc/0 navel
cyt/o cell
anter/o front
hist/o tissue
inguin/o groin
ventr/o front
poster/o back
later/o side,towards the side away from midline
cervic/o neck
medi/o middle
inter- between
hypo- below
sub- below
an-,a- without or not
poly- many
-itis inflammation
epi- upon
organelles that provide energy needed by the cell to carry on it's essential functions mitochondria
Created by: First Institute