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Ancient Systems

History of Medicine

Ayurveda -ayus= life, life principle or long life -veda= system of knowledge **knowledge of (long) life**
Classic texts of Ayurvedic medicine -Agnivesh tantra -Susruta samhita -Charaka samhita -Ashtanga sangraha
Charaka samhita -charaka= wandering religious student -samhita= collection -writings on therapeutic medicine, treatment by drugs and modification of diet and lifestyle -animal plant and mineral drugs and formulae -first to describe digestion, metabolism and immunity
Functions of the body according to Charaka samhita -movement -transformation -lubrication and stability *illness results from loss of balance among these*
4 qualities of good ayurvedic physicians -theoretical knowledge -clarity of reasoning -wide clinical experience -personal skill
Chinese medicine -origins obscured and no apparent outside influence -Core beliefs= unity of nature, yin-yang balance, theory of 5 phases and theory of systematic correspondences -understood circulation and importance of heart -sphygmology
Maharishi Sushrut -Founder of Surgery -1500 BCE
Ancient texts in China -Nei Ching= bible of traditional chinese healing -Mo Ching= the pulse classic -Golden Mirror= compilation of Han Dynasty writings
Disease/Treatment in Chinese Medicine -imbalance of yin and yang -treatment restores harmony -curing spirit -dietary management -acupuncture -pharmacotherapy -treatment of bowel, viscera, blood and breath
3 Quotes of Charaka samita -a physician who fails to enter the body with knowledge and understanding can never treat disease -first study all factors (environment) which influence a patients disease and then prescribe -to prevent disease is more important that to seek a cure
Yin and Yang -Yin is dark and downward seeking (water and earth) -Yang is bright and active (fire and wind)
Acupuncture purges energy and restores harmony between yin and yang
Moxa -added to acupuncture sometimes -warms region to stimulate circulation of life forces
Chinese medical agents adopted by Western medicine -rhubarb-diarrhea -iron-anemia -Cannabis sativa-sedation -chaulmoogra oil-leprosy -Ephedra vulgaris-asthma -rauwolfia-Hight blood pressure -ginseng
Created by: MastamikeOD