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Pathology QIV:QIIa

Diseases of the Nervous System

neuron that carries a signal towards the central nervous system sensory neuron
neuron that carries a signal away from the central nervous system motor neuron
a hemorrhage between the dura mater and the cranial bones (two terms) extradural, epidural
a hemorrhage between the dura mater and arachnoid mater subdural
an injury to the brain where the skin has not been broken at the site of the injury; bruising of the brain accompanied by swelling and pain contusion
broken bone fracture
tearing of the brain itself laceration
blow to the head that does not cause a fracture, laceration, or hemorrhage concussion
inflammation of the brain encephalitis
inflammation of the brain and spinal cord encephalomyelitis
inflammation of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord meningitis
organisms that cause ______ travel via blood or lymph and are characterized by fever, chills, headaches, etc. meningitis
inflammation of the spinal cord myelitis
inflammation of a nerve or nerves neuritis
an infection which tends to affect the nervous system caused by bites of animals rabies
circulatory interruption occurring in the brain stroke
apoplexy stroke
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) stroke
temporary interference with the blood supply to a part of the brain, unlike a stroke, no permanent damage usually occurs transient ischemic attack (TIA)
water on the brain, blockage to to the normal outflow of cerebrospinal fluid hydrocephalus
results from some form of interference with normal electrical activity in the brain epilepsy
more serious form of epileptic seizure characterized by strong convulsions, peculiar sounds, biting of the tongue, excessive salivation grand mal
milder form of epilepsy characterized by dizziness and brief loss of consciousness petite mal
chronic degenerative disease affecting the nervous system characterized by the destruction of the myelin sheaths, muscular weakness and incoordination, tremors, paralysis multiple sclerosis
this disease is accompanied by damaged nerve tissue being replaced with multiple sites of hardened or sclerotic plaques multiple sclerosis
chronic degenerative disease of the nervous system, tends to develop later in life, and can be very debilitating, with no real cure parkinson's disease
nervous system disorder affecting young children, not progressive, usually caused by brain damage before or shortly after birth cerebral palsy
dementia caused by an infectious prion CJD
nervous system disease characterized by loss of memory, mood changes, and other mental disturbances alzheimer's
rapid decomp of the brain tissues could predispose distention of the eyeballs
brain decomp could lead to brain purge, T/F? true
malignancy of glial support cells in the brain itself glioblastoma
metastasized secondary cancer of the brain, fast-growing and aggressive glioma
degenerative disease characterized by loss of motor function, swallowing, speech, trouble breathing, fatigue, muscular cramping-typical in middle-aged men (three names) amylotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS, Lou Gehrig's Disease
Created by: amyziolkowski