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Glossary Case # 6

Hillcrest Transcription, Case # 6 The Nervous System

aggregating crowding or clustering together
ambulating walking
arthropathy any joint disease
blunted to make less sharp: dull
cesarean referring to cesarean section, and incision through the abdominal and uterine walls for delivery of a fetus
chiropractor a practitioner of chripractic, a conservative science of applied neurophysiology; e.g., chiropractic theory is that irritation of the nervous system is the cause of disease
Cloward saddle surgical equipment in which a patient is placed for back fusion, trade name
contrast medium a substance that is introdued into or around a structure and, because of the difference in absorption of x-rays by both the contrast medium and the surrounding tissues, allows radigraphic visualization of the structure.
contused bruised
convex having a surface that is rounded and somwhat elevated
curette spoon-shaped surgical instrument for removing tissue from a cavity wall or other bodily surface
Darvocet trade name for drug used to treat mild to moderate pain
denies x3 this phrase, as used in the Social History, refers to the fact that the patient denies alcohol, tabacco, and illicit drug use
discrete made up of separate and distinct parts or defined by lesions that do not become unified
diskectomy excision of an intervertebral disk (is sometimes spelled dicectomy)
epinephrine generic drug used as a vasoconstrictor, cardiac stimulant, and bronchodilator; also called adrenaline
exacerbate to increase in severity
facet a small, smooth surface on a bone or other hard anatomic body
Flexeril trade name for drug used to treat muscle spasm
focal degeneration main area or center of deterioration
formalin a powerful disifectant gas, used in water as a fluid to preserve tissue removed at surgery for pathologic evaluation; same as formdehyde
Gelfoam sponge trade name of absorbable gelatin sponge; sterile, they are used in surgery to stop the flow of blood
gutter low area, trough, or groove
herniated protuding like a hernia; enclosed in a herna
i.e. id est (that is)
intermittent periodically stopping and starting again at separated intervals
intervertebral located between two adjoining vertebrae
Kantrex trade name of an antibiotic
2+ knee and ankle jerks this phrase refers to the sudden reflex or involuntary movements made when the doctor uses a rubber hammer to tap the knees and ankles; part of the neurologic exam; in this case they are grade as 2+, which means average or normal
L1-2 lumbar spine, between first and second vertebrae (the disk space)
L2-3 lumbar spine, between second and third vertebrae (disck space)
L3-4 lumbar spine, between third and fourth vertebae (the disck space)
L4-5 lumbar spine, between fourth and fifth verebrae (the disck space)
l5-S1 lumbar spine, Fifth vetebra, and sacral spine, first vertebra (where the lumbar and sacral spine join)
lamina a thin, flat plate or supportive layer, part of the structure of a vertebra
laminectomy excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra
lateral recess syndrome a small hollow or indentation on the side of the fourth ventricle; by way of this recess, part of the fourth ventivle protrudes into the subarachnoid space
ligamentum flavum band of yellow elastic tissue that assits in maintaining or regaining the erect position between tow adjoining vertebrae
light touch when the doctor lightly storkes a part of the body, such as the extremities, to determine the patient's ability to feel; used in evaluation of the central nervous system
lumosacral pertaining to the lumbar region of the spine (between the throax and the pelvis) and the sacrum
Marcaine trade name for the local, injectable anesthetic agent bupivacaine
myelogram an x-ray of the spinal cord obtained after injection of dye into the spinal canal
Norflex trade name for a drug to treat muscle spasm
PAR abbreviation for posteanesthesia recover, where patients are sent immediately after surgery (recovery room)
pinprick when the doctor actually pricks a patient's skin with a sharp point to determine the level of feeling; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
pleura a serous membrane lining the thoracic or pleural cavity
prone lying face downward
radicular of or pertaining to a radical, which would be the cause or root of a morbid process, such as radical surgery
retraction to draw back; the condition of being drawn back, suc as tissue during a surgical procedure
rongeur a surgical instrument used for cutting tough tissue, such as bone
S1 root sacral spine, first vertebra, at the lowest part
sacroiliac the sacral and iliac spines--where they join and their associated ligaments
scaphoid literally shaped like a boat, a scaphoid bone
scoliosis a sideways deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine (S-shapeed spine)
spurring projecting bodies (outgrowths) from a bone or muscle
straight-leg raising the doctor observes the patient's ability to raise the legs; part of th evaluation of the central nervous system
subarachnoid space space under the arachnoid membrane, between it and the pia matter
Created by: koka2k1