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chpt 2 word

chpt 2 words

body planes imaginary vertical and horizontal lines used to divide the body into sections for descriptive purposes
vertical plane is an up-and-down plane that is a right angle to the horizon
midsagittal plane kown as the midline, is the sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves
sagittal plane a vertical plane that divides the body into unequal left and right portions
frontal plane a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions. also known as the coronal plane, it is located at right angles to the sagittal plane
horizontal plane is a flat crosswise plane, such as the horizon
transverse plane a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
anatomic position the sudy of the structures of the body
ventral refers to the front, or belly side, of the organ or body
dorsal refers to the back of the organ or body
anterior means situated in the front. also means on the front or forward part of an organ
posterior situred in the back. slso means on the back part of an organ
superior uppermost, above, or toward the head
inferior lowermost, below, or toward the feet
cephalic toward the head opposite of caudal
caudal toward the lower part of the body, opposite of cephalic
proximal situated nearest the midline or beginning of the body structure, opposite of distal
distal situated farthest from the midline or beginning of the body structure, opposite of proximal
medial direction toward, or nearer, the midline, opposite of lateral
lateral direction toward or nearer the side and awayy form the midline, opposite of midial
bilateral relating to, or having to sides
body cavities two major, which are the dorsal and the ventral cavities, are spaces within the body that contain and protec internal organs
dorsal cavity located along the back of the body and head, contians organs of the nervous system that coordinate body functions and is divided into two portions
cranial cavity located within the spinal column, surrounds and protects the brain
spinal cavity located within the spinal column, surrounds and protects the spinal cord
ventral cavity known as the chest caviity or thorax, surrounds and protects the heart and the lungs
diaphragm is a muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
abdomainal cavity contains primarily the major organs of digestion
pelvic cavity the space formed by the hip bones and it contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory system
abdominopelvic cavity refers to as these two cavities as a single unit
inguinal relating to the groin, refers to the entire lower area of the abdomen, this includes the groin wihch is the crease at the junction of the trunk with the upper end of the thigh
Created by: SSchabow