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LOM ch 8

Female reproductive system

Adnexa uteri Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
Amenorrhea Absence of menses for 6 months or for longer than 3 three of the patient's normal menstrual cycle
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion
Amnion Inner most membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
Amniotic fluid Fluid that is contained within the amniotic sac
Anovulatory Ovulation does not occur; ovum is not released from ovary
Areola Dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
Bartholin glands Small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice(opening to outside of the body)
Cephalic version The fetus turns so that the head is the body part closest to the cervix( it can occur spontaneously or by a physician
Cervix Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
Chorion Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta
Chorionic Pertaining to the chorion
Clitoris Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
Coitus Sexual intercourse; copulation
Colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina
Corpus Luteum Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after the release of the egg cell
Cul-de-sac Region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
Culdocentesis Surgical puncture of the cul-de-sac
Dysmenorrhea Pain during menstration
Dyspareunia Painful sexual intercourse
Dystocia Difficult labor or birth
Embryo Stage in prenatal development from 2-8 weeks
Endocervicitis Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
Endometritis Inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus
Endometrium Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
Episiotomy Incision of the vulva (the perineum)
Estrogen Hormone produced by the ovaries
Fallopian tube One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
Fertilization Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
Fetal presentation Manner in which the fetus appears to the examiner during delivery
Fetus Stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks
Fimbriae Finger-or finger like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
Galactorrhea Discharge of milk (abnormal amount)
Gamete Male or female sexual reproductive cell: sperm cell or ovum
Genitalia Reproductive organs; also called genitals
Gestation Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth
Gonad Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary and testis
Gynecology Study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
Gynecomastia Condition of female breasts (enlarged) in a male
Human Chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
Hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
Hysterectomy Removal of the uterus
Hysteroscopy Visual examination of the uterus (endoscopic)
Intrauterine (IUD) Device inserted into uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg
Involution The uterus returns to its normal nonpregnant size
Labia Lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips
Lactation Secretion of milk
Lactiferous ducts Tubes that carry milk within the breast
Leukorrhea Discharge of white vaginal secretion, which is normal or a sign of infection if it becomes yellow
Luteinizing hormone (LH) Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
Mammary Pertaining to the breast
Mammary papilla Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection
Mammoplasty Surgical repair of the breast
Mastectomy Removal of a breast
Mastitis Inflammation of a breast
Menarche Beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce
Menometrorrhagia Excessive uterine bleeding at and between menstrual periods
Menopause Gradual ending of menstruation
Menorrhea Menstrual discharge
Menorrhagia Excessive discharge of blood during menstration
Menstruation Monthly shedding of the uterine lining
Metrorrhagia Excessive discharge of blood from the uterus between menstrual periods
Multigravida A woman who has been pregnant more than once
Multipara A woman who has had many births
Myomectomy Removal of a muscle tumor (fibroid)
Myometrium Muscle layer lining the uterus
Neonatal Pertaining to newborn
Neonatology Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate)
Nullipara A woman who has not had any vaginal births
Obstetrics Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
Oligomenorrhea Infrequent menstrual periods or scanty menses
Oocyte Immature ovum
Oogenesis The formation of an ovum
Oophorectomy Removal of an ovary
Oophoritis Inflammation of an ovary
Orifice An opening
Ovarian Pertaining to an ovary
Ovarian follicle Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary
Ovary One of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis that produce egg cells and hormones
Ovulation Release of an ovum from the ovary
Ovum; ova Mature egg cell (female gamete)
Oxytocia Rapid labor and delivery
Oxytocin A hormone which stimluate the pregnant uterus to contract (labor begins)
Parturition Act of giving birth
Perineorrhaphy Suture of the perineum
Perineum In females, the area between the anus and the vagina
Pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain that produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries
Placenta Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
Pregancy Condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
Prenatal Pertaining to before birth
Primagravida A woman during her first pregnancy
Primapara Woman who has had or who is giving birth to her first child
Primaparous An adjective describing a woman who has givin birth to at least one child
Progesterone Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of a pregnant woman
Psuedocyesis False pregnancy
Puberty Point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
Pyosalpinx Pus in the fallopian tube
Retroversion The uterus is abnormally tilted backward
Salpingectomy Removal of fallopian tube
Salpingitis Inflammation of the fallopian tube
Uterine sorosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus
Uterus Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs
Vagina Muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
Vaginal orifice Pertaining to the opening of the vagina
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina
Vulva External female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
Vulvovaginitis Inflammation of the vulva and vagina
Zygote Stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
Abortion Spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own
Abruptio plancentae Premature separation of the implanted placenta
Apgar score A system of scoring an infant's physical condition 1 and 5 minutes after birth
Aspiration Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
Carcinoma in situ Localized form of cancer in cervix
Carcinoma of the breast Malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)
Carcinoma of the cervix Malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer)
Carcinoma of the endometrium Malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)
Cauterization Destruction of tissue by burning
Cervical dysplasia Abnormal cell growth within the cervix
Cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix
Cesarean section Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
Choriocarcinoma Malignant tumor of the placenta
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) Sampling of placental tissue (chorionic villi) for prenatal diganosis
Colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
Conization Removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix
Cryocauterization Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
Culdocentesis Needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-ace
Cystadenocarcinoma Malignant tumor cells in ovary
Cystadenocarcinoma Malignant cysts within the ovary that are lined with atypical cells
Dermoid cysts An ovarian cyst lined with a variety of cell types, including skin, hair,teeth, and cartilage, and arise from immature cells in the ovary
Dilatation Widening of the cervix done by inserting a series of probes into the uterus
Dilation and curettage (D&C) Widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
Eptopic pregnancy Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
Endometriosis Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
Erythroblastosis fetalis Hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatability between the mother and the fetus
Exenteration Removal of internal organs within a cavity
Fetal monitoring Continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress during labor
Fibrocystic diease Numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
Fibroids Benign tumors in the uterus
Hyaline membrane disease Acute lung disease commonly seen the the premature newborn
Hydrocephalus Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
Hysterosalpingography X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
In vitro fertilization (IVF) Egg and sperm are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization
Laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope (laparoscopy)
Leiomyomas Another word for fibroids which means benign tumors in the uterus
lumen Opening
Mammography X-ray imaging of the breast
Meconium aspiration syndrome Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn
Multiple gestation More than one fetus inside the uterus
Ovarian carcinoma Malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma)
Ovarian cysts Collections of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary
Palpation Examining by touch
Pap test Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
Pelvic inflammatory disease Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region
Pelvic ultrasonography Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
Pelvimetry Measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis
Placenta previa Implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
Preeclampsia abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
Pyloric stenosis Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
Respiratory distress syndrome Acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn...also called hyaline membrane disease
Tubal ligation Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring
Created by: mscardenas