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Chabner,Ch 2 Sect II

Chabner, Language of Medicine 7th ed Chapter 2 Section II

epithelial tissue located all over the body, forms the linings of internal organs, & outer surface of the skin covering the body (also lines exocrine and endocrine glands)
voluntary muscle tissue voluntary muscle found in parts of the body where movement is under conscious control
involuntary muscle tissue found in heart, digestive system and other organs, allows movement not under conscious control
connective tissue fat (adipose tissue), cartilage (elastic fibrous tissue), bone & blooc.
nerve tissue conducts impulses all over the body
tissue a group of similar cells working together to do a specific job
histologist a scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
organs structures composed of several kinds of tissue
viscera internal organs
system a group of organs working together to perform complex functions
digestive system mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
urinary (excretory) system kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
respiratory system nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
reproductive system: female ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
reproductive system: male testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
endocrine system thyroid gland, pituitary gland, sex glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, parathyroid glands
nervous system brain, spinal cord, nerves, & collections of nerves
circulatory system heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; lymphatic vessels & nodes, spleen, thymus gland.
musculoskeletal system muscles, bones, joints
skin & sense organs skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, eye, ear, nose, & tongue
adipose tissue collection of fat cells
cartilage flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints
epithelial cell skin cells that cover the external body surface & line the internal surfaces of organs
larynx voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea
pharynx throat, common passageway for food and air
pituitary gland endocrine gland at the base of the brain
thyroid gland endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
trachea windpipe (leading from throat to bronchial tubes)
ureter one of two tubes leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
uterus the womb, holds the embryo and fetus as it develops
viscera internal organs
cranial cavity brain, pituitary gland
thoracic cavity divided into two smaller cavities: pleural cavity and mediastinum
pleural cavity space surrounding each lung
mediastinum contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lymph nodes
abdominal cavity stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, & gallbladder
peritoneum a double folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and ureters, uterus, and vagina (in the female)
spinal cavity nerves of the spinal cord
dorsal (posterior) pertaining to the back
diaphragm muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
ventral (anterior) pertaining to the front
Created by: spicygrits