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MED 106 Vocabulary

apnea absence or cessation of breathing
arrhythmia irregular heart rhythm
bradycardia a slow heartbeat; a pulse below 60 bpm
bradypnea respirations that are regular in rhythm but slower in normal in rate
cerumen a waxy secretino in the ear canal; commonly called ear wax
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) a progressive are irreversible lung condtion that results in diminished lung capacity
diurnal rhythm patterns of activity or behavior that follow day-night cycles
dyspnea difficult or painful breathing
essential hypertension elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension
febrile pertaining to an elevated body temperature
homeostasis internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors
hyperpnea increase in the depth of breathing
hypertension high blood pressure (systolic pressure consistently above 140 mm Hg and diastolic pressure above 90 mm Hg).
hyperventilation abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension
hypotension blood pressure that is below normal (systolic pressure below 90 mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 50 mm Hg).
intermittent pulse pulse in which beats are occasionally skipped
orthopnea condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breath comfortably
othostatic (postural) hypotension temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position
otitis externa inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal
peripheral pertaining to an area that is outside or away from an organ or structure
pulse deficit condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; may indicate peripheral vascular abnormality
pulse pressure difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressures (30 to 50 mm Hg is considered normal)
rales abnormal or crackling breath sounds during respiration
rhonchi abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms
secondary hypertension elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition
sinus arrhythmia irregular heartbeat originating in the sino-atrial node (pacemaker)
spirometer instrument that measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air
stertorous describes a strenuous respiratory effort that has a snoring sound
syncope faiting; a brief laspse in consiousness
tachycardia rapid but regular heart rate exceeding 100 bpm
tachypnea respirations that are rapid and shallow; hyperventilation
thready describes a pulse that is scarcely preceptible
vertigo dizziness
Created by: kristinajoy