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AMA170 - Chapter 1

Basic Word Structure

QuestionAnswer
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cis/o to cut
crin/o to secrete (to form and give off)
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines (usually the small intestine)
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o blood
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment, physician
leuk/o white
log/o study of
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
ur/o urinary tract, urine
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision, removal
-emia blood condition
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-globin protein
-gram record
-ic, -ical pertaining to
-ion process
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-logy process of study
-oma tumor, mass
-opsy process of viewing
-osis condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
-pathy disease condition
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visually examining with an endoscope
-sis state of, condition
-tomy process of cutting, incision
-y process, condition
a- no, not, without
aut- self, own
auto self, own
dia- through, complete
end- within
endo- within
epi- above, upon
ex- out, outside of, outward
exo- out, outside of, outward
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
hypo- deficient, below, under, less than normal
in- into, in
peri- surrounding, surround
pro- before, forward
re- back, backward, again
retro- behind
sub- below, under
trans- across, through
Created by: dgottofrey