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infection test wk4

infection control test wk 4

sepsis disease denoting presence of bacteria and pus
asepsis absence of pathogens
communicable refers to a disease capable of being transmitted more or less rapidly to other persons; contagious
fomites inanimate objects which are freshly contaminated with secretions or excretions from an infected person or carrier
examples of fomites linens, table, counters
sanitization destruction of bacteria through good cleaning processes or possibly by boiling in water
surgically clean not sterile, but as clean as possible
terminal sterilization process of sterilizing articles after they have been used and before putting them into circulation again
universal precautions guidelines recommended by the centers for disease control to prevent the transmission of blood-borne pathogens
examples of universal precautions wear gloves and change when contaminated, wear mask, wear eyewear, wear aprons/gowns, properly dispose of articles and sharps, use "no-touch" passing
portals of entry skin, placenta, alimentary tract, circulatory system, genitourinary tract, respiratory tract
portals of exit blood, fecal matter, urine, respiratory secretions, saliva
other portals of exit tears, semen/vaginal secretions, cerobrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pericardial fluid, peritineal fluid, breast milk
vector an animal, especiall an insect, that transmits pathogens from infected to noninfected individuals
examples of vectors mice, misquitos, flies, ticks
occurence of infection portal of entry, resistance of host, number or organisms, virulence of organisms
primary first or original infection
secondary one which follows or complicates the original disease
mixed one caused by more than one organism
latent one which is inactive or hidden
example of secondary caused by oppurtunistic type
example of mixed wound infection, trench mouth
example of latent early tb
acute infection runs a rapid and severe course termination abruptly
example of acute infection lobar pneumonia
chronic infection runs a slow course over a long period of time; may last weeks to years
example of chronic infection syphillis, tb
acute period of actual illness with symptims, degree of fever, and length of time depending upon the disease, condition of patient, and treatment
convalescent begins with decline of fever and acute symptoms; length of time depends upon the severity of the acute stage, treatment, and general of the patient
incubation period between entrance of organism to the body and onset of symptoms
prodromal short period, usually a day or less, when symptoms are vague or cause only mild discomfort
Created by: a1h12