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vocab infection wk4

vocab infection control wk 4

universal precautions guidelines recommended by the center for disease control to prevent the transmission of blood pathogens
mixed infections one caused by more than one organism
pathogens disease causing microorganism
fomites inanimate objects which are freshly contaminated with secretions or excretions from infected person or carrier
terminal sterilization process of sterilizing articles after they have been used and before putting into circulation again
vector animal, especially an insect that transmit pathogens from infected to non-infected individuals
surgically clean not sterile, but as clean as possible
decontamination process of removing organisms from articles, rooms, and linens after use to make safe to handle
infection invasion of the body by pathogens and the reaction of the tissue to their presence and their toxins
sputum substance expelled by coughing or clearing throat
contamination tansmission of microorganisms from person to person or from object to person; vice versa
opportunistic microorganism microorganism that don't normally invade tissue but that are capable of causing infection or disease when introduced mechanically or when host reistance is lowered
sanitation destruction of bacteria through good cleaning processes or possibly by boiling in water
medium agent through which microorganisms are transmitted
droplet nuclei very small masses of liquid carried in a spray from the nose or mouth which evaporated before settling and remain suspended in the air
virulence relative power of a pathogen to cause disease
communicable refers to a disease capable of being transmitted more or less rapidly to other persons; contagious
sexually transmitted disease disease acquired as a result of sexual intercourse with an infected individual
carriers person who harbors or pathogens without being sick themselves and who shed organisms into the environment
primary infection first or original infection
epidemiology division of medical science concerned with defining and explaining the interrelationship of the host, agent and environment causing disease
asepsis absence of pathogen
secondary infection one which follows or complicates the orignal disease
purulent forming or containing pus, suppurative
aseptic technique involves procedures that render and maintain an object or area completely free of pathogens
Created by: a1h12